Trees

Redbud, Eastern Cercis canadensis

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Zones 4 - 9
Zones 4 - 9

Hardiness Zones: Zones 4 - 9
The Eastern Redbud can be expected to grow in the zones shown in color in the arborday.org zone map. VIEW MAP

Flowering Tree
Flowering Tree

Type of tree:
The Eastern Redbud falls into the following type(s): Flowering Trees, Ornamental Trees

20' - 30' High
20' - 30' High

Mature Height:
The Eastern Redbud grows to be 20' - 30' feet in height.

25' - 35' Spread
25' - 35' Spread

Mature Spread:
The Eastern Redbud has a spread of about 25' - 35' at full maturity.

Medium Growth
Medium Growth

Growth Rate:
This tree grows at a medium growth rate. [More about this.]

Full Sun
Full Sun

Sun:
This redbud does well in full sun, partial shade.

Various Soils
Various Soils

Soil:
The Eastern Redbud grows in acidic, alkaline, loamy, moist, rich, sandy, well drained, wide range, clay soils.

Rounded Shape
Rounded Shape

Shape:
This redbud has rounded, vase shape.

More Info
More Info

Attributes:
Spectacular spring blossoms. The seeds provide winter food for birds. An excellent tree for planting near utility lines. Provides good shade when planted near patios. Well known for its beauty, it is the state tree of Oklahoma.

Description:
Rosy pink flowers appear in April. Reddish-purple leaves change to dark green, then to yellow. Forms a spreading, graceful crown. Full sun or light shade. Partial shade preferred in windy, dry areas. Grows to 20' to 30', 30' spread. (zones 4-9)

Wildlife Value:
Northern bobwhite and a few songbirds, such as chickadees, will eat the seeds, and it can be used for nesting sites and nesting materials, it also provides shelter for birds and mammals.

History/Lore/Use:
Native to North America and Canada with cousins in Europe and Asia. First cultivated in 1811. The Spaniards noted Redbuds and made distinctions between the New World species and their cousins in the Mediterranean region in 1571. George Washington reported in his diary on many occasions about the beauty of the tree and spent many hours in his garden transplanting seedlings obtained from the nearby forest.

Leaves:
The leaves of this tree are reddish-purple, changing to dark green and then yellow.

Flower Color:
Rosy-pink flowers

Bloom Time:
April.

Fruit Description:
This tree produces a pod, brown-brownish black and 2 to 3 inches long.