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Sources for More Information

Bulletin #26: Understanding Landscape Cultivars

Staying current about cultivars on the market is not easy. The best method is to enter the cultivar of interest, or the species name, into a search engine. For example, "crabapple cultivars." This will provide leads to the hundreds of cultivars available and other news regarding that group of trees.


Handbook of Landscape Tree Cultivars

For many years this was the “bible” on cultivars of all landscape species. This fine publication showed the shape of the cultivar at age 30, provided descriptive information, and listed the person or organization that developed it. Today it is out of print but some copies are available at some libraries and through online searches.

Street Tree Factsheets

This current source is a valuable reference for over 200 cultivars and native species in the northern part of the U.S. Full color photos accompany each tree and a color code provides quick access to trees by size classes. It also includes a thorough bibliography. Available at or the Publications Office at Penn State University.

Manual of Woody Landscape Plants

This classic by Michael A. Dirr is a “must have” for arborists or anyone with a serious interest in trees. Its 1,187 pages includes detailed and authoritative descriptions of species and lists brief descriptions of important cultivars of those species. Available at or:

Stipes Publishing Company
P.O. Box 526
Champaign, IL 61824


Information about Plant Patents

For an explanation of plant patents and how to apply for one, a helpful link is

For information about the National Association of Plant Patent Owners, contact

American Nursery & Landscape Association
1000 Vermont Ave. N.W., Suite 300
Washington, DC 20005

Phone: 202-789-2900

More Information

Call 1-888-448-7337 Monday-Friday 8:00 AM to 5:00 PM CST

Tree City USA is an Arbor Day Foundation program in cooperation with:

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