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Blackhaw ViburnumViburnum prunifolium

  • Blackhaw Viburnum shrub - Viburnum prunifolium
  • Blackhaw Viburnum - Viburnum prunifolium
  • Blackhaw Viburnum - Viburnum prunifolium
A large tree or multi-stemmed shrub with impressive dark green foliage in summer months changing in the autumn to a purple, rich red burgundy color which is quite showy. Pretty flowers are creamy white and bloom in early May. Flower blooms are followed by a droopy blue-black edible fruit. Grows 12'-15' high with and 8'-12' spread. Adapts to many soils. Does well in sun or shade. Very hardy and easy to grow.

Hardiness Zones

The blackhaw viburnum can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 3–9. View Map

Tree Type

Mature Size

The blackhaw viburnum grows to a height of 12–15' and a spread of 8–10' at maturity.

Growth Speed Slow to Medium Growth Rate

This shrub grows at a slow to medium rate, with height increases of anywhere from less than 12" to 24" per year.

Sun Preference

Full sun and partial shade are best for this shrub, meaning it prefers a minimum of 4 hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day.

Soil Preference

The blackhaw viburnum grows in acidic, alkaline, loamy, moist, rich, sandy, silty loam and well-drained soils. It also tolerates drought.


This shrub:
  • Produces creamy white flowers in flat-topped clusters that are 2–4" in diameter and bloom in April and May.
  • Yields edible, oval drupes measuring up to ½" long. They appear after the flowers, beginning pinkish or rose-colored and turning bluish-black at maturity.
  • Features impressive dark green leaves 1½–3½" in length that provide showy fall color, turning purple and rich red-burgundy.
  • Develops a dense, twiggy habit, making it a great hedge plant.
  • Transplants well.
  • Can be grown as a small tree or multi-stemmed shrub.
  • Grows in an irregular, rounded shape.

Wildlife Value

The fruit serves as food for various birds and wildlife.


The blackhaw viburnum was introduced in 1727. The root bark has been used medicinally.