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Plum, DamsonPrunus institia

Plum, Damson—Prunus institia

A hardy plant that produces dark blue fruit. Bears in August. (Self-pollinating) (zones 5-7)

Zones 5 - 7
Zones 5 - 7

Hardiness Zones: Zones 5 - 7
The Damson Plum can be expected to grow in the zones shown in color in the arborday.org zone map. (see map below)

Fruit Tree
Fruit Tree

Type of tree:
The Damson Plum falls into the following type(s): Fruit Trees

10' - 20' High
10' - 20' High

Mature Height:
The Damson Plum grows to be 10' - 20' feet in height.

10' - 20' Spread
10' - 20' Spread

Mature Spread:
The Damson Plum has a spread of about 10' - 20' at full maturity.

Medium Growth
Medium Growth

Growth Rate:
This tree grows at a medium growth rate. [More about this.]

Full Sun
Full Sun

Sun:
This plum does well in full sun.

Various Soils
Various Soils

Soil:
This tree grows in a wide variety of soil types and has some tolerance for heavy and waterlogged soils. It prefers a moist, well drained, loamy, mildly acidic to mildly alkaline soil.

Oval Shape
Oval Shape

Shape:
This plum has oval shape.

More Info
More Info


The Damson Plum can be expected to grow in the zones shown on this map.

Attributes:
The Damson plum tree has many traits that make it a fine choice for the homeowner. These characteristics are a low and compact crown, tolerance to different kinds of soils, cold hardiness, resistance to diseases, and the ability to thrive with little or no care. The tart juicy plums are excellent for home canning. While the Damson plum is self-fertile and doesn't require another tree to produce fruit, planting two trees is recommended for a better crop (it will still require insects to pollinate its own flowers).

Our standard Damson Plum seedlings are budded to Nemaguard and Guardian peach rootstock, while our dwarf seedlings are grafted to Prunus besseyi (Sand Cherry).

Chill hours (CU) requirement: 800. (Chill hours are the average hours of air temperature between 32 and 45 degrees F in a typical winter season). For best fruit production, calculate the chill unit (CU) for your growing zone to be sure it aligns with the CU requirement of this tree.

Description:
A small, vigorous, rugged, erect growing plum tree. White flowers are borne in umbrel-like clusters of 2-3 on short spurs, and solitary or 2-3 in axils on one year old wood. The later spring bloom time of the flowers makes them less frost prone. The foliage is dark green. Fruit production begins in 3-4 years.This tree bears heavy crops of purplish blue juicy, tart plums that ripens in August to October. Self-fertile. The tree adapts to wide range of soil types but requires moist soil. It is cold hardy and tolerates strong winds. Rainfall and high humidity during the growing season can cause the fruit to crack.Thinning is not necessary for Damson plums. Prune only to remove deadwood, crossing branches, or fast growing shoot that appear along the trunk or branches. (zones 5-7)

Wildlife Value:
Plum trees provide cover and food to butterfly larva, birds, and mammals.

History/Lore/Use:
Damson plum has the distinction of being around virtually unaltered for thousands of years. Its seeds have been found in prehistoric dwellings. It appears in ancient Mesopotamian records, and is the plum of the ancient Greek poets. It took its name from Damascus. From there, it was taken to Italy and then to the rest of Europe where it now grows wild and in home orchards. The strong similarities between wild and domestic trees, and between the descriptions of ancient writers and observations today make this fruit tree noted for its remarkable consistancy.The Damson is often grouped with the European plums, but botanists classify it as a separate species. It may be an ancestor of the European plum. Wild plum trees are symbolic of independence. Plum is the national flower of Taiwan, and its flowers are often depicted in Asian art.

Height Variations:
The standard grows to 20', and dwarf grows to 10' in height.

Spread Variations:
Standard spread grows to 20', dwarf grows to 10'.

Moisture:
This tree requires moist, well drained soil and is not drought tolerant.

Leaves:
Simple, ovate or elliptic with acute or obtuse tips, finely toothed on the margins, green and often wrinkled on top, paler and softly hairy beneath.

Flower Color:
White

Bloom Time:
April.

Fruit Description:
Small, dark blue or purple 1" oval drupe with golden yellow firm flesh, taste can be either sour or sweet, clingstone. Ripens from August to early September.