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Pussy WillowSalix caprea

  • Pussy Willow shrub - Salix caprea
The pussy willow has long been admired for its strong, spreading, upright stems, colorful autumn leaves, and the purplish-brown catkins that appear in March.

Hardiness Zones

The pussy willow can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 4–8. View Map

Tree Type

Mature Size

The pussy willow grows to a height of 15–25' and a spread of 12–25' at maturity.

Growth Speed Fast Growth Rate

This tree grows at a fast rate, with height increases of more than 24" per year.

Sun Preference

Full sun and partial shade are best for this tree, meaning it prefers a minimum of four hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day.

Soil Preference

The pussy willow grows in acidic, loamy, moist, rich and well-drained soils.


This tree:
  • Produces soft, purplish-brown catkins 1–2" in length along the branches in March.
  • Provides great late winter/early spring landscape interest.
  • Can grow as a small tree or large shrub.
  • Grows in an oval shape.