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Shumard OakQuercus shumardii

  • Shumard Oak - Quercus shumardii
The Shumard Oak is a stately tree with beautiful fall color and great urban adaptability. It is drought tolerant and fast growing. Prefers well-drained soil. Produces small acorns loved by deer and squirrels.

Hardiness Zones

The shumard oak can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 5–9. View Map

Tree Type

Mature Size

The Shumard oak grows to a height of 40–60' and a spread of 40–60' at maturity.

Growth Speed Medium Growth Rate

This tree grows at a medium rate, with height increases of 13–24" per year.

Sun Preference

Full sun is the ideal condition for this tree, meaning it should get at least six hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day.

Soil Preference

The Shumard oak grows in acidic, alkaline, loamy and well-drained soils. While it prefers normal moisture, the tree has some drought tolerance.


This tree:
  • Makes a dramatic fall statement, with leaves turning brilliant red to red-orange.
  • Features deciduous leaves that are 4–8" long and deeply-lobed, with bristles on the tips of some lobes.
  • Transplants relatively easily.
  • Produces brown or greenish catkins in the spring.
  • Yields egg-shaped acorns that are 1" in length and enclosed at the base in a thick, flat, saucer-shaped cup. The acorns are produced every 2–4 years.
  • Tolerates pollution and compacted soil.
  • Grows in a rounded shape.

Wildlife Value

The small acorns from this tree are a favorite of deer and squirrels and also enjoyed by several species of birds and mammals.


This tree was introduced in 1907.