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White AshFraxinus americana

  • Northern Red Oak - Quercus rubra
  • White Ash
The White Ash is a handsome North American native for large properties. Exquisite fall leaf colors ranging from yellow to deep purple and maroon. Round-topped crown at maturity. Grows in deep, moist, well-drained soils and full sun. Grows to 50'-80' with a 45' spread. (Zones 4-9)

Hardiness Zones

The white ash can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 4–9. View Map

Tree Type

This tree is considered both a shade tree and an ornamental tree. It features a spreading canopy capable of blocking sunlight and adds visual interest and beauty to landscaping.

Mature Size

The white ash grows to a height of 50–80' and a spread of 40–50' at maturity.

Growth Speed Medium Growth Rate

This tree grows at a medium rate, with height increases of 13–24" per year.

Sun Preference

Full sun is the ideal condition for this tree, meaning it should get at least six hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day.

Soil Preference

The white ash grows well in acidic, alkaline, loamy, moist, sandy, well-drained and wet soils.


This tree:
  • Provides beautiful yellow, deep purple and maroon fall color.
  • Features compound leaves 8–15" in length with 5–9 dark green leaflets.
  • Produces green to purple flowers that are not ornamental, typically blooming in April.
  • Yields elongated samaras 1–2" in length, each with a wing, that resemble canoe paddles.
  • Grows in an oval or pyramidal shape early on, rounding out with age.
  • Comes in a multitude of different cultivars.
  • Does not like harsh conditions.

Wildlife Value

The seeds of the green ash are eaten by wood ducks, finches and cardinals. It also provides cover and nesting sites for birds.


The white ash is famous for one of its basic wood products—the baseball bat. No other wood has the pliant, strong, yet light qualities of ash wood. The wood is also extensively used for non-impact tool handles, furniture, hockey sticks, polo mallets, church pews and other products