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Serbian SprucePicea omorika

  • Serbian Spruce evergreen
  • Serbian Spruce - Picea omorika
  • Serbian Spruce - Picea omorika

Noted horticulturist Michael Dirr referred to the Serbian Spruce as “one of the most graceful and beautiful spruces.” And once you see its thin, arching branches and slender, straight trunk, you’ll understand why. But this tree is much more than a pretty face, with sturdy branches and tolerance of most urban conditions.

Its beauty and adaptability make it ideal for home landscapes, screening, buffer strips, salt-free median strips and parking lots.

Hardiness Zones

The serbian spruce can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 4–7. View Map

Tree Type

This is an evergreen tree, keeping its foliage year-round.

Mature Size

The Serbian spruce grows to a height of 50–60' and a spread of 20–25' at maturity.

Growth Speed Slow to Medium Growth Rate

This tree grows at a slow to medium rate, with height increases of anywhere from less than 12" to 24" per year.

Sun Preference

Full sun and partial shade are best for this tree, meaning it prefers a minimum of four hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day.

Soil Preference

The Serbian spruce grows in acidic, loamy, moist, rich, sandy, well-drained and clay soils.


This tree:
  • Features flat, pointy, dark green needles that are up to 1" in length.
  • Yields oblong or egg-shaped cones that are 1¼–1¾" long, have finely toothed scales and hang downward. They are purple when young but mature to a reddish-brown.
  • Grows in a pyramidal shape.
  • Tolerates most urban conditions but cannot tolerate salt.

Wildlife Value

While not particularly attractive as a food source, this tree provides protective cover for rabbits, deer and a variety of birds.


The Serbian spruce is native to southeastern Europe and was introduced around 1880.