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Arbor Day Farm HazelnutCorylus spp.

  • Arbor Day Farm Hazelnut shrub - Corylus sp.
  • Arbor Day Farm Hazelnut - Corylus sp.
  • Arbor Day Farm Hazelnut - Corylus sp.
  • Arbor Day Farm Hazelnut - Corylus sp.
  • Arbor Day Farm Hazelnut - Corylus sp.
Hybrid hazelnuts from Arbor Day Farm combine the characteristics of two North American native species, American and Beaked, and the European hazel. Originally crossbred in Minnesota these shrubs will produce sweet, tasty nuts in approximately 4-5 years. A yield of up to 7 pounds of nuts per bush may be expected from well established plants. Plant in a sunny area with enough space for mutilple bushes to help assure cross pollination by the wind. They form a dense, multi-stemmed shrub up to 15' tall and 10' wide with deep, fibrous roots that grow well in most soils, but prefer acidic to neutral, moist, and well drained. Avoid heavy clay, shallow hardpan, or marshy soils. In addition to producing nuts for your personal enjoyment or market, hazelnut shrubs have a high wildlife value providing food and nesting and hiding cover for many birds and mammals.

Hardiness Zones

The arbor day farm hazelnut can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 3–9. View Map

Tree Type

Mature Size

The Arbor Day Farm hazelnut grows to a height of 10–15' and a spread of about 10' at maturity.

Growth Speed Medium to Fast Growth Rate

This shrub grows at a medium to fast rate, with height increases of anywhere from 13" to more than 24" per year.

Sun Preference

Full sun is the ideal condition for this shrub, meaning it should get at least 6 hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day.

Soil Preference

The Arbor Day Farm hazelnut grows in acidic, loamy, moist, rich, sandy, silty loam, well-drained and clay soils. Avoid heavy clay, shallow hardpan or marshy soils.


This shrub:
  • Yields light brown to rich chestnut brown hazelnuts that typically grow in bunches of 2–3 and range in size from ¼–¾" in diameter.
  • Will begin producing nuts in approximately 4–5 years, with an average yield of 7 pounds of hazelnuts per well-established plant.
  • Produces small, red female flowers and greenish-tan male catkins on the same plant (but it is not self-fertile).
  • Grows in a rounded shape.
  • Takes on a dense, multi-stemmed form.
  • Should be planted in multiples (2 or 3) to ensure cross-pollination by wind.

Wildlife Value

The nuts are a favorite food with squirrels, deer, wild turkeys, pheasants, grouse, blue jays and others. The shrub provides nesting and cover for many birds and mammals. Bats use hazelnut bushes for daytime roosting.


These hybrids were initially developed in Minnesota. Research continues at Arbor Day Farm and across the country to find the best hybrid traits, efficient harvesting methods, and reliable commercial markets that will allow the Arbor Day Farm hazelnut to become a viable large-scale agricultural crop.