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Singleleaf Pinyon PinePinus monophylla

  • Northern Red Oak - Quercus rubra
The Stone Pine should be grown in full sun on well-drained soil, tolerating dry, poor, alkaline soils but not wet soils. It is probably best not to irrigate this tree much after it is established in the landscape. Eaten either raw or toasted, Pinyon Pine nuts have a wonderful flavor.

Hardiness Zones

The singleleaf pinyon pine can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 6–8. View Map

Tree Type

This is an evergreen tree, keeping its foliage year-round.

Mature Size

The singleleaf pinyon pine grows to a height of 25–50' and a spread of 20–40' at maturity

Growth Speed Slow Growth Rate

This tree grows at a slow rate, with height increases of less than 12" per year.

Sun Preference

Full sun is the ideal condition for this tree, meaning it should get at least six hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day.

Soil Preference

The singleleaf pinyon pine grows in acidic, alkaline, loamy, moist, sandy, silty loam, well-drained and clay soils. It is drought-tolerant.


This tree:
  • Is disease-resistant.
  • Features single blue-green needles that persist throughout the year.
  • Produces red and yellow blooms in the spring.
  • Yields small brown pine nuts that can be eaten either raw or toasted.
  • Grows in a pyramidal, rounded shape.
  • Is a good choice for dry soil.

Wildlife Value

Squirrels, woodrats and many birds enjoy pinyon nuts. Pinyon jays, in particular, fly in large flocks from tree to tree, feasting upon whatever pinyon nuts they find.