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Eldarica PinePinus eldarica

  • Northern Red Oak - Quercus rubra

This is a great desert pine that tolerates heat, wind and drought conditions. It has strong branches and soft needles with an open and airy canopy compared to similar trees. This tree gives off a mild, fresh fragrance and is a great choice for people looking to grow Christmas trees on marginal soils in tough climates. Eldarica pines also make good windbreaks in tough areas.

Hardiness Zones

The eldarica pine can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 6–10. View Map

Tree Type

This is an evergreen tree, keeping its foliage year-round.

Mature Size

The Eldarica pine grows to a height of 30–60' and a spread of 25–40' at maturity.

Growth Speed Medium Growth Rate

This tree grows at a medium rate, with height increases of 13–24" per year.

Sun Preference

Full sun is the ideal condition for this tree, meaning it should get at least six hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day.

Soil Preference

The Eldarica pine grows in acidic, alkaline, loamy, sandy, well-drained and clay soils. It tolerates dry conditions very well.


This tree:
  • Makes a good windbreak in tough areas.
  • Gives off a mild, fresh fragrance.
  • Has a more open and airy shape in comparison to similar trees.
  • Tolerates heat, wind and dry conditions very well.
  • Develops strong branches.
  • Features soft dark green needles.
  • Produces oval to oblong reddish-brown cones that are around 3" in length.
  • Grows in a pyramidal, upright or erect shape.

Wildlife Value

An Eldarica pine windbreak makes valuable cover, nesting and breeding areas for upland game and songbirds. In winter, seeds and fruits of trees and shrubs provide food for nonmigratory species.


The Eldarica pine is also known as the Afghan, Mondel, Elder or Calabrian pine.