Zones 2 - 6
Zones 2 - 6
The White Spruce can be expected to grow in the zones shown in color in the arborday.org zone map.
Type of tree:
The White Spruce falls into the following type(s): Evergreens
40' - 60' High
The White Spruce grows to be 40' - 60' feet in height.
10' - 20' Spread
The White Spruce has a spread of about 10' - 20' at full maturity.
This spruce does well in full sun.
The White Spruce grows in acidic, drought tolerant, loamy, moist, sandy, well drained, clay soils.
This spruce has columnar, pyramidal shape.
A straight, tall tree easily recognized by its needles. Cones always hang down. Beautiful year-round color. Tolerates most soil conditions. Grows to 60'; 15' spread. (zones 2-6)
White spruces are very important evergreens. Besides providing nesting sites and shelter, white spruces provide food for many kinds of wildlife. Crossbills, evening grosbeaks and red-breasted nuthatches prefer the seeds. The foliage is eaten by grouse, rabbits and deer. Red squirrels cut open cones to eat the seeds, and they feast upon young, tender spruce shoots. The bark is enjoyed by both porcupines and black bears, sometimes to the detriment of the trees.