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Canary Island PinePinus canariensis

  • Northern Red Oak - Quercus rubra
  • Canary Island Pine
  • Canary Island Pine
  • Canary Island Pine
  • Canary Island Pine
Commonly planted in California and other warm western parts of the US. Needles are in threes. Tolerates only slight alkalinity.

Hardiness Zones

The canary island pine can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 9–11. View Map

Tree Type

This is an evergreen tree, keeping its foliage year-round.

Mature Size

The Canary Island pine grows to a height of 70–80' and a spread of around 20' at maturity.

Growth Speed Fast Growth Rate

This tree grows at a fast rate, with height increases of more than 24" per year.

Sun Preference

Full sun is the ideal condition for this tree, meaning it should get at least six hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day.

Soil Preference

The Canary Island pine grows in acidic, loamy, moist, sandy, well-drained and clay soils. It does not tolerate drought conditions and may need irrigation with acidic or neutral water.


This tree:
  • Makes a wonderful street tree.
  • Features dark green needles that are 7–10" long.
  • Produces oval brown cones that are 6" in length.
  • Develops deep enough roots to be used in lawns.
  • Blooms yellow in early spring.
  • Grows in an oval, pyramidal shape.

Wildlife Value

The Canary Island pine is used by woodpeckers, bats and invertebrates as a source of food because of the large numbers of insects that use this tree throughout their various life stages.


This pine is native to the Canary Islands of Spain.