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Eastern White PinePinus strobus

  • Eastern White Pine evergreen
  • White Pine - Pinus strobus
  • White Pine - Pinus strobus
  • White Pine - Pinus strobus
A hardy, valuable tree. Clustered soft blue-green needles. Ideal screen or windbreak. Likes moist, well-drained soils. Grows 50' to 80' with a 20-40' spread inthe landscape, up to 135' or more in the wild. (zones 3-8)

Hardiness Zones

The eastern white pine can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 3–8. View Map

Tree Type

Mature Size

The eastern white pine grows to a height of 50–80' and a spread of 20–40' at maturity.

Growth Speed Fast Growth Rate

This tree grows at a fast rate, with height increases of more than 24" per year.

Sun Preference

Full sun and partial shade are best for this tree, meaning it prefers a minimum of four hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day.

Soil Preference

The eastern white pine grows in acidic, moist, well-drained and dry soils. While it does best in moist soil, the tree can has been known to tolerate everything from dry, rocky ridges to bogs.

Attributes

This tree:
  • Transplants easily.
  • Works well for windbreaks.
  • Is widely used as a Christmas tree.
  • Features long, slender, blue-green needles, sometimes reaching 5" in length, grown in bundles of 5 that are soft and flexible.
  • Produces elongated brown cones that are 3–8" in length. Each is curved slightly and has smooth scales.
  • Grows in an oval, pyramidal shape.
  • Is sensitive to air pollution, road salt and soil compaction.

Wildlife Value

Eastern white pine seeds are favored by black bears, rabbits, red squirrels and many birds, especially red crossbills. While potentially damaging to the trees, the bark is eaten by mammals such as beavers, snowshoe hares, porcupines, rabbits and mice. White pines provide nesting sites as well for many birds including woodpeckers, common grackles, mourning doves, chickadees and nuthatches.