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Longleaf PinePinus palustris

  • Northern Red Oak - Quercus rubra
  • Longleaf Pine
  • Longleaf Pine

The longleaf pine is a beautiful and unique tree native to the southern United States. The showy bark, open branching habit, distinctive silvery white winter buds, decorative cones and low maintenance make it well-suited as a landscape specimen and as a street tree where space permits.

In addition to these positive characteristics, the longleaf pine also holds an honored place as the state tree of Alabama and North Carolina.

Hardiness Zones

The longleaf pine can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 7–10. View Map

Tree Type

This is an evergreen tree, keeping its foliage year-round.

Mature Size

The longleaf pine grows to a height of 60–80' and a spread of 30–40' at maturity.

Growth Speed Medium to Fast Growth Rate

This tree grows at a medium to fast rate, with height increases of anywhere from 13" to more than 24" per year.

Sun Preference

Full sun and partial shade are best for this tree, meaning it prefers a minimum of four hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day.

Soil Preference

The longleaf pine grows in alkaline, loamy, rich and clay soils. It is drought-tolerant once established.


This tree:
  • Features flexible dark green needles that are up to 18" long and typically in fascicles of 3.
  • Produces ovoid-oblong brown cones that are 6–10" long and up to 5" wide at the base.
  • Develops scaly, coarse, light, orange-brown bark.
  • Grows in an oval shape with upright branches and an open crown.

Wildlife Value

This tree provides food and cover for wildlife, including the now-endangered red-cockaded woodpecker. Squirrels, quails, brown-headed nuthatches and turkeys eat the seeds.