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Mountain-LaurelKalmia latifolia

  • Mountain-Laurel bush - Kalmia latifolia
  • Mountain-Laurel - Kalmia latifolia

With its intriguing blooms and evergreen leaves, the mountain-laurel is one of America’s most loved native shrubs. Clusters of striking flowers appear in May and June and range in color from white to pink-rose to deep rose. Regardless of hue, however, they all have unique purple markings.

Hardiness Zones

The mountain-laurel can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 4–9. View Map

Tree Type

This shrub is considered both an evergreen shrub and a flowering shrub. It keeps its foliage year-round and blooms in a profusion of spring flowers.

Mature Size

The mountain-laurel grows to a height of 7–15' and a spread of 7–15' at maturity.

Growth Speed Slow Growth Rate

This shrub grows at a slow rate, with height increases of less than 12" per year.

Sun Preference

This shrub needs a minimum of 6–8 hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day.

Soil Preference

The mountain-laurel grows in acidic, alkaline, loamy, moist, rich, sandy and well-drained soils.


This shrub:
  • Produces flowers that vary in color from white to pink-rose to deep rose--all with unique purple markings--and measure up to 1" in diameter.
  • Blooms May–June.
  • Flowers best in sunnier locations.
  • Features simple evergreen leaves that are elliptic to elliptic-lanceolate, leathery and 2–5" long.
  • Transplants easily.
  • Grows in a rounded shape.