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Elberta PeachPrunus persica ‘Elberta’

  • Elberta Peach - Prunus persica

The Elberta peach holds its own as one of the most popular peach trees. Notorious for its sweet, succulent fruit with the tell-tale blush covering its skin when perfectly ripe, this tree is a commercial success in markets and roadside stands across much of the United States.

It is known to thrive in at least 28 states and is favored by growers due to its vigorous growth, steady production of fruit, self-fertile nature and compact size. The Elberta peach is also available in dwarf size for urban and suburban locations.

Hardiness Zones

The elberta peach can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 5–9. View Map

Tree Type

This is a fruit tree, grown primarily for the edible fruit it produces.

Mature Size

The standard Elberta peach grows to a height of 15–25' and a spread of around 15–20' at maturity. The dwarf variety grows to a height of 8–10' with a spread of up to 10'.

Growth Speed Fast Growth Rate

This tree grows at a fast rate, with height increases of more than 24" per year.

Sun Preference

Full sun is the ideal condition for this tree, meaning it should get at least 6 hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day.

Soil Preference

The Elberta peach grows well in sandy and well-drained soils. It is not drought-tolerant.


This tree:
  • Produces juicy, yellow freestone fruit with a crimson blush--ideal for eating, canning, freezing and jam making.
  • Yields ripe fruit typically from late July to early August, though may be 4–6 weeks later in colder climates.
  • Is self-fertile but provides a better crop when planted in multiples.
  • Begins to bear large crops at ages 3–4 and reaches full potential at ages 8–12.
  • Blooms in the spring, with a profusion of dark pink to purple flowers.
  • Is available in standard and dwarf sizes. Our standard Elberta seedlings are budded to Nemaguard rootstock, and our dwarf seedlings are grafted to Prunus besseyi (Sand Cherry). Dwarf trees should be staked to help them bear the weight of the fruit and prevent leaning.
  • Has a chill hours (CU) requirement of 800–950. (Chill hours are the average hours of air temperature between 32° and 45° F in a typical winter season.)
  • Grows in a rounded shape.

Wildlife Value

The fruit of peach trees are attractive to birds and squirrels.


This variety of peach was first introduced to the world around 1875 by Samuel H. Rumph. The tree, which first grew in his family’s orchard in Macon County, Georgia, was a result of an Early Crawford pollenating a Chinese Cling. A visitor had asked the name of the variety. Because Rumph had no answer, she promptly named it after his wife (Clara Elberta Moore).