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American HazelnutCorylus americana

  • American Hazelnut - Corylus americana
  • American Hazelnut - Corylus americana
  • American Hazelnut - Corylus americana
  • American Hazelnut - Corylus americana
  • American Hazelnut - Corylus americana

The American hazelnut (also known as the American filbert) is a native shrub of the eastern United States. The tasty nuts are highly prized by cooks for their easy-to-crack shells and small, sweet kernel. Squirrels love them as well…mostly likely for the same reasons. Hazelnut hedges can be used as windbreaks, visual screens, and to attract wildlife.

If you’re interested in planting hazelnuts for their nuts, be sure you have a bit of space. You’ll need to plant 2 or more shrubs to ensure a good crop.


Hardiness Zones

The american hazelnut can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 4–9. View Map

Tree Type

This is a nut-producing shrub, yielding nuts for human and wildlife consumption.

Mature Size

The American hazelnut grows to a height of 15–18' and a spread of 10–12' at maturity.

Growth Speed Medium to Fast Growth Rate

This shrub grows at a medium to fast rate, with height increases of anywhere from 13" to more than 24" per year.

Sun Preference

Full sun and partial shade are best for this shrub, meaning it prefers a minimum of 4 hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day.

Soil Preference

The American hazelnut grows in acidic, alkaline, loamy, moist, rich, sandy, well-drained and clay soils. It is drought-tolerant.

Attributes

This shrub:
  • Yields ½
  • Can be harvested typically from September to October.
  • Will begin producing nuts approximately 2–3 years after planting, 8 years if grown from seed.
  • Grows in a rounded shape.
  • Takes on a multi-stemmed form with an open, often wide-spreading base.
  • Produces red female flowers and yellowish-brown male catkins on the same plant (but it is not self-fertile).
  • Should be planted in multiples (2 or 3) to ensure cross-pollination.

Wildlife Value

The nuts produced by this shrub are a preferred by squirrels, deer, turkey, woodpeckers, pheasants, grouse, quail and jays. The male catkins are a food staple of ruffed grouse throughout the winter.

History/Lore

It is also known as the American filbert.