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Slash PinePinus elliottii

  • Northern Red Oak - Quercus rubra
  • Slash Pine
  • Slash Pine
  • Slash Pine
  • Slash Pine

One of the hardy yellow pines indigenous to the southeastern U.S., the slash pine is used for reforestation projects and timber plantations throughout the region. The foliage takes on the appearance of brooms, with long needles arranged at the end of branches.

Other common names for this species include southern pine, yellow slash pine, swamp pine, pitch pine and Cuban pine.

Hardiness Zones

The slash pine can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 8–10. View Map

Tree Type

This is an evergreen tree, keeping its foliage year-round.

Mature Size

The slash pine grows to a height of 75–100' and a spread of 30–50' at maturity.

Growth Speed Medium Growth Rate

This tree grows at a medium rate, with height increases of 13–24" per year.

Sun Preference

Full sun and partial shade are best for this tree, meaning it prefers a minimum of 4 hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day.

Soil Preference

The slash pine grows in acidic, loamy, sandy, well-drained, wet and clay soils.

Attributes

This tree:
  • Can be used as a single specimen or in parks and other open areas.
  • Features glossy dark green needles that are 4–9" long, sometimes reaching 12", that are arranged in "brooms" at the end of branches.
  • Produces elongated cones that are 2–6" in length.
  • Grows in an oval, pyramidal shape.
  • Is more tolerant of wet sites than other pines.
  • Tolerates salt moderately and can handle some drought better than most other pines.
  • Loses shaded lower limbs as it grows taller.

Wildlife Value

Slash pine seeds are important food for wild turkeys, and slash pine woodlands provide habitat for both wild turkeys and white-tailed deer. Gray and fox squirrels will cut open cones to get at the pine seeds.

History/Lore

The slash pine continues to serve as an important timber tree, producing heavy, strong wood for many types of construction.