The American Holly grows in acidic, drought tolerant, loamy, moist, rich, sandy, well drained, wide range, clay soils.
The American Holly tree is a well-formed and very handsome specimen that can also serve as a hedge or barrier. Another nice attribute is its adaptability in semi-shade locations, often being successfully planted underneath the canopies of larger shade trees.
Can be pruned as an attractive hedge, or reaches 40' - 50' as a tree. Leaves stay green year round. Plant 4 or more to cross pollinate to get red, berry-like fruit. (zones 5-9)
The foliage of the American Holly provides cover for songbirds and mammals and its fruit is used extensively by bluebirds and thrashers.
The American Holly tree has been popular since the beginning of American history, having served the Native Americans with wood for many different applications and berries that were used for buttons and barter. It was said to be a favorite of George Washington, and more than a dozen Hollies planted by him are still in evidence today. It is also widely known as the basic raw material for Christmas wreaths. The first scientific observation of the American Holly tree was recorded in 1744.
Normal moisture requirement, though it tolerates some flooding and has good drought tolerance.
The leaves are 2 to 4 inches long, leathery, green all year and sharply tipped on the margins.
Whitish-green; pleasant fragrance; attractive to bees.
The red, berry-like fruit is popular with a variety of birds.