Trees

Pine, Slash Pinus elliottii

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Zones 7 - 11
Zones 7 - 11

Hardiness Zones: Zones 7 - 11
The Slash Pine can be expected to grow in the zones shown in color in the arborday.org zone map. VIEW MAP

Evergreen
Evergreen

Type of tree:
The Slash Pine falls into the following type(s): Evergreens

75' - 100' High
75' - 100' High

Mature Height:
The Slash Pine grows to be 75' - 100' feet in height.

30' - 50' Spread
30' - 50' Spread

Mature Spread:
The Slash Pine has a spread of about 30' - 50' at full maturity.

Medium Growth
Medium Growth

Growth Rate:
This tree grows at a medium growth rate. [More about this.]

Full Sun
Full Sun

Sun:
This pine does well in full sun, partial shade.

Various Soils
Various Soils

Soil:
The Slash Pine grows in acidic, drought tolerant, loamy, sandy, well drained, wet, clay soils.

Oval Shape
Oval Shape

Shape:
This pine has oval, pyramidal shape.

More Info
More Info

Attributes:
The Slash Pine is a large tree suitable as a specimen tree or for use in parks or in open areas.

Description:
Slash Pine grows well on a variety of acidic soils in full sun or partial shade. It does poorly in basic soil (high pH) and so is not recommended for soils with high pH, or where irrigation water has a high pH. Once established, it is more tolerant of wet sites than most other Pines and is moderately salt-tolerant. It is not highly drought-tolerant but more so than most other Pines. The horizontal branches break easily in ice storms. Since shaded lower branches die and drop as the tree grows taller be careful not to plant them too close to high traffic areas where branches could fall on people or vehicles, unless there is a regular maintenance plan to remove them.

Wildlife Value:
Slash pine seeds are important food for wild turkeys, and slash pine woodlands provide habitat for both wild turkeys and whitetail deer. Gray and fox squirrels will cut open cones to get at the pine seeds.

History/Lore/Use:
The Slash Pine is an important timber tree which produces heavy, strong wood for many types of construction.

Moisture:
The Slash Pine prefers well-drained soil but can grow on wetter sites.

Leaves:
The Slash Pine has long, dark-green needles throughout the year.

Flower Color:
The blooms are yellow.

Bloom Time:
This tree flowers in early spring..

Fruit Description:
The Slash Pine produces an elongated cone from 2-6" in length.