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Plum, Mexican Prunus mexicana

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Zones 6 - 8 Zones 6 - 8
Hardiness Zones 6 - 8
The Mexican Plum can be expected to grow in the zones shown in color in the arborday.org zone map. View Map
Flowering Tree Flowering Tree
Type of tree
Flowering Trees, Ornamental Trees
15' - 30' High 15' - 30' High
Mature Height
The Mexican Plum grows to be 15' - 30' feet in height.
20' - 25' Spread 20' - 25' Spread
Mature Spread
The Mexican Plum has a spread of about 20' - 25' at full maturity.
Slow Growth Slow Growth
Growth Rate
This tree grows at a slow growth rate. More about this.
Full Sun Full Sun
Sun
This plum does well in full sun.
Various Soils Various Soils
Soil
The Mexican Plum grows in acidic, alkaline, drought tolerant, loamy, moist, sandy, silty loam, well drained, wide range, clay soils.
Rounded Shape Rounded Shape
Shape
This plum has rounded shape.
Attributes

The Mexican Plum has beautiful fragrant white blooms and is a good tree for residential landscapes. It makes a nice understory tree with somewhat thorny branches.

Description

Mexican Plum should be grown in full sun or partial shade on well-drained, rich soil but will tolerate almost any soil. It is quite drought-tolerant once established. This small tree is well suited for residential landscapes, and is especially popular in Texas. It might be best to locate the tree back from the edge of a patio, deck or walk since the fruits can be a little messy for a short period in the summer or early fall. Planted in the lawn or in a bed of low-growing ground cover, fruits drop unnoticed and are of no concern. The tree can be a `show stopper' when it is in bloom. It makes a nice tree for planting near power lines due to its small size.

Wildlife Value

The fruits of the Mexican Plum are eaten by several species of bird. The tree itself provides nesting sites and materials for birds, also. Its blossoms provide food for insects such as bees.

History/Lore/Use

The roots of the Mexican Plum have been used as rootstock for commercial plum production in the past.

Moisture

The Mexican Plum tolerates wet sites, but does best in well-drained areas that do not experience severe drought.

Leaves

The leaves of the Mexican Plum are green in summer and showy orange in the fall.

Flower Color

The blooms of the Mexican Plum are white and quite showy.

Bloom Time

The Mexican Plum blooms in February and March.

Fruit Description

The Mexican Plum produces a small, showy red fruit.