Pear, 'Bartlett' Pyrus communis
A European pear with large yellow fruit and smooth, juicy white flesh. Fruit trees need a minimum of 6-8 hours sunlight daily, and need water. They are not drought tolerant. (Pollinate with a different European pear variety, excluding Kieffer.) (zones 5-7)Pricing Information
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Hardiness Zones 5 - 7The 'Bartlett' Pear can be expected to grow in the zones shown in color in the arborday.org zone map. View Map
Type of treeFruit Trees
Mature HeightThe 'Bartlett' Pear grows to be 12' - 20' feet in height.
Mature SpreadThe 'Bartlett' Pear has a spread of about 12' - 20' at full maturity.
SunThis pear does well in full sun.
The Bartlett pear grows best in slightly acidic, deep, heavy, moist, but well drained soil. Other soil types are tolerated, but may produce a lighter crop. Pear trees are especially sensitive to salt.
ShapeThis pear has oval, rounded shape.
America's favorite pear. A vigorous, long lived tree bearing large, flavorful, yellow fruit. Good for eating fresh, canning or preserves. Blooms early to mid-season. Our standard Bartlett seedlings are budded onto whole root stock, while our dwarf seedlings are grafted to Quince or Quince A (Malling A).
In order to ensure pollination, these trees need a compatible cultivar ( Orient or a different European pear variety, excluding Kieffer) growing within 100 feet for standard size, 50 feet for semi-dwarf, and 20 feet for dwarf trees.
Chill hours (CU) requirement: 800. (Chill hours are the average hours of air temperature between 32 and 45 degrees F in a typical winter season). For best fruit production, calculate the chill unit (CU) for your growing zone to be sure it aligns with the CU requirement of this tree.
A European pear with large yellow fruit and smooth, juicy white flesh. Fruit trees need a minimum of 6-8 hours sunlight daily, and need water. They are not drought tolerant. (Pollinate with a different European pear variety, excluding Kieffer.) (zones 5-7)
The fruit of pear trees are attractive to birds, squirrels.
The standard grows to 20', and dwarf grows to 12' - 15' in height.
Standard spread grows to 20', semi-dwarf grows to 12'-15', and dwarf grows to a 10' spread.
The Bartlett pear prefers moist, well drained soil. It does best when provided with adequate water, but will tolerate both drought and floods.
This pear's simple, glossy green leaves alternate on the twig. They grow up to 3" long, are thick with slight midrib curves folding the edges inwards. They have fine teeth on the margin.
Early to mid-season
Large, golden yellow skin, blushed with brownish red. Classic shape with smooth, juicy, white flesh. Flavor described as sweet with a pleasant touch of tartness. Ripen off the tree for a few weeks to develop the famous musky flavor. Fruit keeps for three months if stored properly. Harvest from mid-August to mid-September.
Rate of growth refers to the vertical increase in growth unless specified differently. Rate, as is true for size, is influenced by numerous variables such as soil, drainage, water, fertility, light, exposure, ad infinitum. The designation slow means the plant grows 12” or less per year; medium refers to 13 to 24” of growth per year; and fast to 25” or greater.Manual of Woody Landscape Plants, by Michael Dirr.