The Arbor Day Hazelnut grows in acidic, loamy, moist, rich, sandy, silty loam, well drained, wide range, clay soils.
Hybrid hazelnuts from Arbor Day Farm combine the characteristics of two North American native species, American and Beaked, and the European hazel. Originally crossbred in Minnesota these shrubs will produce sweet, tasty nuts in approximately 4-5 years. A yield of up to 7 pounds of nuts per bush may be expected from well established plants. Plant in a sunny area with enough space for mutilple bushes to help assure cross pollination by the wind. They form a dense, multi-stemmed shrub up to 15' tall and 10' wide with deep, fibrous roots that grow well in most soils, but prefer acidic to neutral, moist, and well drained. Avoid heavy clay, shallow hardpan, or marshy soils. In addition to producing nuts for your personal enjoyment or market, hazelnut shrubs have a high wildlife value providing food and nesting and hiding cover for many birds and mammals.
The nuts are a favorite food with squirrels, deer, wild turkeys, pheasants, grouse, blue jays, and others. The shrubs provide nesting and cover for many birds and mammals. Bats use hazel bushes for day roosting.
Alternate, 2 1/2" -6" long, somewhat spear-shaped at tip and rounded or heart-shaped at base, doubly-toothed margins. Color is dark green on top, lighter green beneath with some soft hairs.
Female flowers are small, red. Male catkins are greenish turning mostly tan.
Catkins start growing in late summer to appx. 1". Growth resumes in spring to 1 1/2"-2 2 1/2"..
Clusters of 1-4, generally 2-3. light brown to chestnut brown when ripe, 1/4"-3/4" in diameter. They are enclosed in hairy, leaf-like husks with ragged edges called involucres. The green involucres dry and become brown and crispy at harvest time.