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Pine, Slash Pinus elliottii

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Zones 7 - 11 Zones 7 - 11
Hardiness Zones 7 - 11
The Slash Pine can be expected to grow in the zones shown in color in the zone map. View Map
Evergreen Evergreen
Type of tree
75' - 100' High 75' - 100' High
Mature Height
The Slash Pine grows to be 75' - 100' feet in height.
30' - 50' Spread 30' - 50' Spread
Mature Spread
The Slash Pine has a spread of about 30' - 50' at full maturity.
Medium Growth Medium Growth
Growth Rate
This tree grows at a medium growth rate. More about this.
Full Sun Full Sun
This pine does well in full sun, partial shade.
Various Soils Various Soils
The Slash Pine grows in acidic, drought tolerant, loamy, sandy, well drained, wet, clay soils.
Oval Shape Oval Shape
This pine has oval, pyramidal shape.

The Slash Pine is a large tree suitable as a specimen tree or for use in parks or in open areas.


Slash Pine grows well on a variety of acidic soils in full sun or partial shade. It does poorly in basic soil (high pH) and so is not recommended for soils with high pH, or where irrigation water has a high pH. Once established, it is more tolerant of wet sites than most other Pines and is moderately salt-tolerant. It is not highly drought-tolerant but more so than most other Pines. The horizontal branches break easily in ice storms. Since shaded lower branches die and drop as the tree grows taller be careful not to plant them too close to high traffic areas where branches could fall on people or vehicles, unless there is a regular maintenance plan to remove them.

Wildlife Value

Slash pine seeds are important food for wild turkeys, and slash pine woodlands provide habitat for both wild turkeys and whitetail deer. Gray and fox squirrels will cut open cones to get at the pine seeds.


The Slash Pine is an important timber tree which produces heavy, strong wood for many types of construction.


The Slash Pine prefers well-drained soil but can grow on wetter sites.


The Slash Pine has long, dark-green needles throughout the year.

Flower Color

The blooms are yellow.

Bloom Time

This tree flowers in early spring.

Fruit Description

The Slash Pine produces an elongated cone from 2-6" in length.