The American Hazelnut grows in acidic, alkaline, drought tolerant, loamy, moist, rich, sandy, well drained, wide range, clay soils.
The American filbert or hazelnut is a native of the eastern United States. The tasty nuts are highly prized by people and wildlife, Filbert hedges can be used as windbreaks, visual screens, and to attract wildlife. Trees grown from seed will begin to produce nuts after around 8 years.
The American Filbert is a multi-stemmed shrub with a rounded top
and an open, often wide-spreading base. Because of its size, it is adapts well
to naturalizing and other nonformal areas. It bears annual, abundant crops of small,
sweet tasting nuts. It will bear in 2-3 years after planting. The nuts are easy
to crack and drop free of the husk when mature. (Plant multiple trees with
the same flowering time to ensure pollination) (zone 4-9)
The nuts produced by American hazelnut are a preferred by squirrels, deer, turkey, woodpeckers, pheasants, grouse, quail, and jay. The male catkins are a food staple of ruffed grouse throughout the winter.
Simple, alternate, 2 1/2"-6" long, dark green surface.
Female is red and male is yellowish brown
Mid-winter to early spring.
The downy, deeply cut and notched, 1" involucre in clusters of 2-6 encloses a 1/2", slightly flattened, thick, smooth, brown shell with a sweet, round kernel. Harvest from September to October.