Arborday.org Tree Guide
Special Use Considerations
For best shade potential, select round or v-shaped species. Plant on the west, southeast or southwest. For more information, order our free Conservation Trees booklet.
To plant for wildlife, choose trees that provide food and shelter, such as fruit and nut trees and evergreens. For more information, order your copy of our Conservation Trees booklet.
For street trees, consult your community's recommended tree list through your city forester or parks and recreation department. Generally, if your treelawn is 4-6 feet wide, plant a small-sized tree. If the treelawn is 6-8 feet wide, you can plant a medium-sized tree. If the treelawn is 8 feet or wider, you can plant a large tree. If your treelawn is less than 4 feet wide, it probably has insufficient space to grow a tree.
For riparian buffers, select trees that are tolerant of wet soil. Flooding and its Effect on Trees, published by the USDA Forest Service, rates the following among the flood tolerant: Ash, Baldcypress, Elm, Hickory, Honeylocust, Littleleaf Linden, Red Maple, Silver Maple, Bur Oak, Pin Oak, Water Oak, Willow Oak, Pecan, Redbud, Sweetgum, Sycamore, and Willow. For more information, order the free Conservation Trees booklet.
For windbreaks, select evergreens. Two or more rows of trees are best if space allows, but even a single row will have an effect. Plant the rows perpendicular to prevailing winter winds. Trees should be spaced closely, 8' to 12' on center, and 12' between rows. When planting two or more rows, stagger the trees for maximum effect. For more information order the free Conservation Trees booklet.