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Pine, Scots Pinus sylvestris

Scots Pine - Pinus sylvestris
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Scots pine is a beautiful evergreen which is hardy and adaptable to nearly all climates. Can be used as either a windbreak or a single specimen. Grows to 60', 40' spread. (zones 3-7)

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Zones 3 - 7 Zones 3 - 7
Hardiness Zones 3 - 7
The Scots Pine can be expected to grow in the zones shown in color in the arborday.org zone map. View Map
Evergreen Evergreen
Type of tree
Evergreens
60' High 60' High
Mature Height
The Scots Pine grows to be 60' feet in height.
40' Spread 40' Spread
Mature Spread
The Scots Pine has a spread of about 40' at full maturity.
Slow to Medium Growth Slow to Medium Growth
Growth Rate
This tree grows at a slow to medium growth rate. More about this.
Full Sun Full Sun
Sun
This pine does well in full sun.
Various Soils Various Soils
Soil
The Scots Pine grows in acidic, drought tolerant, loamy, moist, sandy, well drained, wide range, clay soils.
Oval Shape Oval Shape
Shape
This pine has oval, pyramidal shape.
Attributes

Scots Pine trees are widely used for Christmas trees because of their excellent form and their ability to hold their needles for a long period of time. There are many color variations within the species and some trees are sprayed with green color to make them more attractive as some naturally have brown needles during the winter months. It is also a good tree for reclamation sites because of its re-seeding capabilities.

Description

A beautiful evergreen which is hardy and adaptable to nearly all climates. Can be used as either a windbreak or a single specimen. It is a popular Christmas tree because of its form and ability to hold onto its needles for a long time. Grows to 60', 40' spread. (zones 3-7)

Wildlife Value

Owls prefer roosting and nesting in large conifers such as Scots pine, and many mammals and birds consume pine seeds.

History/Lore/Use

The Scots Pine was widely planted on old farm fields at the turn of the century. Early farmers were familiar with this species from its growth throughout Europe and knew it could tolerate poor, dry soil. Eventually they found that the trees did not mature into the fine timber stands they envisioned, but often stagnated or had twisted trunks. It was the beginning of the realization that seed sources vary widely and must be matched to the planting site. Today, seed sources are selected with care and varieties of Scots Pine are favored to provide the species' best qualities, especially when planting for the Christmas tree market. In the country of Scotland, the name Scots pine is preferred over the use of the term Scotch pine.

Moisture

Normal moisture requirement, with moderate drought tolerance.

Leaves

This tree has spiral; two needles; 2 to 4 inches long.

Flower Color

Yellow, nondescript

Bloom Time

April-May

Fruit Description

The fruit is oval; 1 to 3 inches long; dry; brown.