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Pine, Austrian Pinus nigra

Austrian Pine - Pinus nigra
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Very hardy, withstanding city or seaside conditions, heat and drought, and clay and alkaline soils. Good for windbreaks. Grows to 60', with 20'-40' spread. (zones 4-7)

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Zones 4 - 7 Zones 4 - 7
Hardiness Zones 4 - 7
The Austrian Pine can be expected to grow in the zones shown in color in the arborday.org zone map. View Map
Evergreen Evergreen
Type of tree
Evergreens
60' High 60' High
Mature Height
The Austrian Pine grows to be 60' feet in height.
20' - 40' Spread 20' - 40' Spread
Mature Spread
The Austrian Pine has a spread of about 20' - 40' at full maturity.
Medium Growth Medium Growth
Growth Rate
This tree grows at a medium growth rate. More about this.
Full Sun Full Sun
Sun
This pine does well in full sun.
Various Soils Various Soils
Soil
The Austrian Pine grows in acidic, alkaline, drought tolerant, loamy, moist, sandy, well drained, wide range, clay soils.
Oval Shape Oval Shape
Shape
This pine has oval, pyramidal shape.
Attributes

The Austrian Pine is extremely tolerant of adverse soil conditions and air pollution. This stately tree can be seen in parks, along streets, in residential landscapes, and as farm windbreaks throughout much of the United States. Landscapers use the dark beauty of these trees for backdrops, but it is also an excellent specimen tree because of its leaf pattern.

Description

Very hardy, withstanding city or seaside conditions, heat and drought, and clay and alkaline soils. Good for windbreaks. Grows to 60', with 20'-40' spread. (zones 4-7)

Wildlife Value

Birds and squirrels enjoy Austrian pine seeds as they do other pine seeds. The large evergreens also provide shelter and nesting sites, particularly for birds such as owls.

History/Lore/Use

The Austrian Pine is a native of Austria, northern Italy and Yugoslavia. It was introduced to the United States in 1759. Its forebears were likely worshipped by the Romans over 2000 years ago. Over 217 million were planted during the nation's great dust bowl shelterbelt project. It has thrived for over 200 years in some of the worst soil and climate conditions America has to offer.

Moisture

Normal moisture requirements with some drought tolerance.

Leaves

This tree has spiral; simple; two needles 3 to 6 inches long; dark green.

Flower Color

Yellow, nondescript.

Bloom Time

April-May

Fruit Description

The fruit is oval; 1 to 3 inches long; dry; brown.