Poplar, Hybrid Populus deltoides x Populus nigra
A very fast-growing tree, up to 5 to 8 feet per year. Has silvery-green leaves and broad shade-tree shape. Usually planted for very fast shade, or can be harvested for firewood in 5 to 7 years. This is a cottonless hybrid. Plant back from sidewalks. Grows to 40' to 50', 30' spread. (zones 3-9)Pricing Information
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Hardiness Zones 3 - 9The Hybrid Poplar can be expected to grow in the zones shown in color in the arborday.org zone map. View Map
Type of treeShade Trees
Mature HeightThe Hybrid Poplar grows to be 40' - 50' feet in height.
Mature SpreadThe Hybrid Poplar has a spread of about 30' at full maturity.
SunThis poplar does well in full sun.
SoilThe Hybrid Poplar grows in acidic, alkaline, wet soils.
ShapeThis poplar has oval shape.
Hybrid Poplars are the thoroughbreds of the tree world. Their claim to fame is speed. Growth of 5 to 8 feet per year is not uncommon, which makes this tree a good choice for quick shade on a vacant lot or for suburban firewood groves.
A very fast-growing tree, up to 5 to 8 feet per year. Has silvery-green leaves and broad shade-tree shape. Usually planted for very fast shade, or can be harvested for firewood in 5 to 7 years. This is a cottonless hybrid. Plant back from sidewalks. Grows to 40' to 50', 30' spread. (zones 3-9)
Hybrid Poplar bark, twigs, and leaves eaten by rodents, rabbits, deer, beaver, and porcupines. It provides forage for browsing wildlife such as whitetail and mule deer up through the sapling stage. It also provides important nesting and roosting habitat for various species of birds.
There are many crosses that go by the name Hybrid Poplar, but this one between Eastern Cottonwood from the United States and Black Poplar from Europe and North Africa has been a favorite for a very long time. Botanists and Hobbyists in colonial times are said to have exchanged the parent trees across the ocean, with both natural and artificial hybrids soon resulting. The oldest account of the tree was given by a scientist in 1785.
Wet soil preferred.
The leaves are triangular, 3-6 inches long and 4-5 inches wide, with "teeth" all around the margin. Often silver-green in color, but this is quite variable. Stalks are frequently reddish.
Rate of growth refers to the vertical increase in growth unless specified differently. Rate, as is true for size, is influenced by numerous variables such as soil, drainage, water, fertility, light, exposure, ad infinitum. The designation slow means the plant grows 12” or less per year; medium refers to 13 to 24” of growth per year; and fast to 25” or greater.Manual of Woody Landscape Plants, by Michael Dirr.