Olive, European Olea europaea
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Hardiness Zones 9 - 11The European Olive can be expected to grow in the zones shown in color in the arborday.org zone map. View Map
Type of treeEvergreens, Flowering Trees, Ornamental Trees
Mature HeightThe European Olive grows to be 30' - 40' feet in height.
Mature SpreadThe European Olive has a spread of about 30' - 40' at full maturity.
SunThis olive does well in full sun.
SoilThe European Olive grows in acidic, alkaline, drought tolerant, loamy, moist, sandy, well drained soils.
ShapeThis olive has rounded, spreading or horizontal shape.
Once established, this tree can be a fantastic conversation piece or source of olives. Unprocessed olives are inedible, but ripe olives can be pressed for oil.
Long-lived trees, olives are planted extensively in Arizona and California as ornamentals. When young, they often require staking and regular yearly pruning. The plant is used in western landscapes.
Insects attracted by the European Olive also become food for birds and reptiles. Wildlife seeks the shelter and protection from predators and the elements that the Olive provides, birds also use it for nesting.
The olive branch is the symbol for peace. This tree dates back nearly 3700 years and its oil is the mainstay of the healthy Mediterranean diet. areas such as Spain, Italy, and Greece
The European Olive tolerates heat, wind and dry conditions very well.
The leaves are green in the summer with little change in the fall.
The blooms on this tree are white.
This tree blooms in the spring.
The fruit of this tree is green to black and 1/2" in diameter.
Rate of growth refers to the vertical increase in growth unless specified differently. Rate, as is true for size, is influenced by numerous variables such as soil, drainage, water, fertility, light, exposure, ad infinitum. The designation slow means the plant grows 12” or less per year; medium refers to 13 to 24” of growth per year; and fast to 25” or greater.Manual of Woody Landscape Plants, by Michael Dirr.