Hickory, Shellbark Carya laciniosa
An attractive, high-branching tree. Large brown sweet nuts. Likes moist soil. Grows 60'–80' tall, 40' spread. (self-fertile) (zones 5-8)Pricing Information
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Hardiness Zones 5 - 8The Shellbark Hickory can be expected to grow in the zones shown in color in the arborday.org zone map. View Map
Type of treeNut Trees
Mature HeightThe Shellbark Hickory grows to be 60' - 80' feet in height.
Mature SpreadThe Shellbark Hickory has a spread of about 40' at full maturity.
SunThis hickory does well in full sun.
SoilThe Shellbark Hickory grows in acidic, alkaline, drought tolerant, loamy, moist, rich, sandy, wet, clay soils.
ShapeThis hickory has oval, rounded shape.
A native of moist bottomlands and floodplains of the United States, the Shellbark Hickory's wood is hard and strong, and its nut is prized for its sweetness. A tough and sturdy tree, it has a life span of 80 or more years. Trees grown from seed will bear large brown sweet nuts in 10-12 years. The large nut is a wildlife favorite.
The Shellbark Hickory is a high-branching tree with a straight, slender trunk and a narrow, oblong crown. It's a sturdy tree with shaggy bark. The nuts are large and sweet. The tree will bear nuts in 10-12 years and bears annually, although generally not heavily. (self-fertile) (zones 5-8)
The leaves of the Shellbark Hickory are eaten by deer and other browsers while the nuts are consumed by deer, bear, foxes, rabbits, squirrels, chipmunks, wild turkey and other animals. Produces nectar and/or pollen, thus providing nutrition for bees in early to late spring.
Pinnately compound, 5-9 leaflets, 10"-24" long, dark yellow-green on top.
Large, oval, 1/4" thick husk covers a hard, light brown shell, 1 3/4"-2 1/2" with 4-6 "ribs." The large kernel is sweet. Harvest in fall.
Rate of growth refers to the vertical increase in growth unless specified differently. Rate, as is true for size, is influenced by numerous variables such as soil, drainage, water, fertility, light, exposure, ad infinitum. The designation slow means the plant grows 12” or less per year; medium refers to 13 to 24” of growth per year; and fast to 25” or greater.Manual of Woody Landscape Plants, by Michael Dirr.