Trees

Elder American Sambucus Canadensis

American Elder—Sambucus Canadensis

A fast-growing shrub that can be used as a border that will provide an incredible flowering display. Summer blooms are 6"-10" wide clusters of small, star-shaped yellowish-white flowers that accent the dark green leaves. Edible dark purple berries follow the flowers and provide food for dozens of bird species and other wildlife. Prune regularly to maintain its multi-stemmed form. Can be pruned into a single-stemmed small tree. Plant multiple shrubs for best fruiting. Likes moist to wet soils, but can tolerate some drought conditions. Plant in area with full sun or partial shade. Grows 5'-12" high, 5-12' wide.

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Zones 4 - 9
Zones 4 - 9

Hardiness Zones: Zones 4 - 9
The Elder American can be expected to grow in the zones shown in color in the arborday.org zone map. VIEW MAP

Shrub
Shrub

Type of tree:
The Elder American falls into the following type(s): Shrubs

5' - 12' High
5' - 12' High

Mature Height:
The Elder American grows to be 5' - 12' feet in height.

5' - 12' Spread
5' - 12' Spread

Mature Spread:
The Elder American has a spread of about 5' - 12' at full maturity.

Fast Growth
Fast Growth

Growth Rate:
This tree grows at a fast growth rate. [More about this.]

Full Sun
Full Sun

Sun:
This Elder American does well in full sun, partial shade.

Various Soils
Various Soils

Soil:
The Elder American grows in acidic, loamy, moist, rich, sandy, silty loam, well drained, wet, wide range, clay soils.

rounded Shape
rounded Shape

Shape:
This Elder American has rounded shape.

More Info
More Info

Description:
A fast-growing shrub that can be used as a border that will provide an incredible flowering display. Summer blooms are 6"-10" wide clusters of small, star-shaped yellowish-white flowers that accent the dark green leaves. Edible dark purple berries follow the flowers and provide food for dozens of bird species and other wildlife. Prune regularly to maintain its multi-stemmed form. Can be pruned into a single-stemmed small tree. Plant multiple shrubs for best fruiting. Likes moist to wet soils, but can tolerate some drought conditions. Plant in area with full sun or partial shade. Grows 5'-12" high, 5-12' wide.

Wildlife Value:
Edible dark purple berries follow the flowers and provide food for dozens of bird species and other wildlife.

Moisture:
moist to wet soils

Flower Color:
6"-10" wide clusters of small, star-shaped yellowish-white flowers

Bloom Time:
summer.