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Pine, Mugo Pinus mugo

Mugo Pine - Pinus mugo
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Generally planted as an ornamental, this evergreen has an interesting pyramidal or broad-spreading form. It has dark green needles. Grows to 20'. (zones 3-7)

Pricing Information

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Zones 3 - 7 Zones 3 - 7
Hardiness Zones 3 - 7
The Mugo Pine can be expected to grow in the zones shown in color in the arborday.org zone map. View Map
Evergreen Evergreen
Type of tree
Evergreens
20' High 20' High
Mature Height
The Mugo Pine grows to be 20' feet in height.
25' Spread 25' Spread
Mature Spread
The Mugo Pine has a spread of about 25' at full maturity.
Slow Growth Slow Growth
Growth Rate
This tree grows at a slow growth rate. More about this.
Full Sun Full Sun
Sun
This pine does well in full sun, partial shade.
Various Soils Various Soils
Soil
The Mugo Pine grows in acidic, alkaline, loamy, moist, sandy, well drained, clay soils.
Pyramidal Shape Pyramidal Shape
Shape
This pine has pyramidal, rounded shape.
Attributes

This species has many varieties, reflecting the great variability of its growth habits. Its abilities to grow so easily in so many places coupled with its relatively smaller size has made this tree a favorite landscape plant throughout suburban America.

Description

Generally planted as an ornamental, this evergreen has an interesting pyramidal or broad-spreading form. It has dark green needles. Grows to 20'. (zones 3-7)

Wildlife Value

The Mugo Pine provides cover for mammals and birds.

History/Lore/Use

The name of this tree is confusing, with many sources using the spelling "Mugho." But the eminent horticulturist Liberty Hyde Bailey wrote in 1933 that the original, scientific naming of the species in 1764 was Mugo, with Mugho being one of its several natural varieties. The Mugo Pine tree is native in the high mountains of central Europe. There it grows low to the ground in mounds like a creature huddling against the cold winds. This growth form is easily retained through pruning or shearing.

Moisture

Normal moisture requirements; drought tolerant.

Leaves

This tree has stout, dark green needles 1 to 2 inches long. They are borne in bundles of two and grow densely on the branch, often remaining green for up to 6 years before turning brown and dropping.

Flower Color

Yellow; nondescript.

Bloom Time

April-May

Fruit Description

Oval; 1 to 2 inches long; dry; brown.