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Pine, Longleaf Pinus Palustris

Longleaf Pine - Pinus Palustris
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A beautiful and unique tree native to the southern U.S. The showy bark, open branching habit, distinctive silvery white buds during winter, and low maintenance make it an excellent choice.

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Zones 7 - 10 Zones 7 - 10
Hardiness Zones 7 - 10
The Longleaf Pine can be expected to grow in the zones shown in color in the zone map. View Map
Evergreen Evergreen
Type of tree
60' - 80' High 60' - 80' High
Mature Height
The Longleaf Pine grows to be 60' - 80' feet in height.
30' - 40' Spread 30' - 40' Spread
Mature Spread
The Longleaf Pine has a spread of about 30' - 40' at full maturity.
Medium to Fast Growth Medium to Fast Growth
Growth Rate
This tree grows at a medium to fast growth rate. More about this.
Full Sun Full Sun
This pine does well in full sun, partial shade.
Various Soils Various Soils
The Longleaf Pine grows in alkaline, loamy, rich, wide range, clay soils.
Oval Shape Oval Shape
This pine has oval shape.

The Longleaf Pine is a beautiful and unique tree native to the southern United States. The showy bark, open branching habit, distinctive silvery white buds during winter, large, decorative cones, and low maintenance make it well suited for use in the home landscape as a specimen tree and street tree where space permits. It is a valuable timber tree and is often used in reclamation.


The Longleaf Pine trunk has scaly, coarse, light, orange-brown bark with upright branches forming an oval, open crown. The flexible, dark green needles are up to 18" long, and the large, spiny cones are up to 10" long and may persist on the tree for two years. For the first five to seven years, the pine stays in a tufted, grass-like stage after germination, growing slowly while the root system develops. Following the grass stage, it grows at a medium to fast rate. The inch long clusters of new growth are silver white during the winter. The roots are sensitive to disturbance during construction.

Wildlife Value

This tree provides food and cover for wildlife, including the now endangered red-cockaded woodpecker. Squirrels, quails, brown-headed nuthatches, and turkeys eat the seeds.


Drought tolerant once established.


Flexible, dark green needles are in fascicles of 3, occasionally 2. 6" - 18" long.

Flower Color

Dark reddish-purple, inconspicuous.

Bloom Time


Fruit Description

Ovoid-oblong, brown cones, 6" - 10" long, up to 5" wide at base.