Ginkgo, (Maidenhair Tree) Ginkgo biloba
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Hardiness Zones 3 - 8The (Maidenhair Tree) Ginkgo can be expected to grow in the zones shown in color in the arborday.org zone map. View Map
Type of treeOrnamental Trees, Shade Trees
Mature HeightThe (Maidenhair Tree) Ginkgo grows to be 25' - 50' feet in height.
Mature SpreadThe (Maidenhair Tree) Ginkgo has a spread of about 25' - 35' at full maturity.
SunThis ginkgo does well in full sun, partial shade.
SoilThe (Maidenhair Tree) Ginkgo grows in acidic, alkaline, drought tolerant, loamy, moist, rich, sandy, silty loam, well drained, wet, wide range, clay soils.
ShapeThis ginkgo has pyramidal, rounded shape.
The Ginkgo is a good urban tree because of its ability to tolerate drought, heat, and poor soils.
A Ginkgo tree may grow very slowly for several years after planting, but then grow at a moderate rate, especially if it receives an adequate supply of water and some fertilizer. The Ginkgo is adapted for use as a street tree, even in confined soil spaces.
The Ginkgo tree is a living fossil and the earliest leaf fossils date from 270 million years ago. It was rediscovered in 1691 in China and was brought to this country in the late 1700's. Individual trees may live as long as 3,000 years and the seeds and leaves are used in medicine throughout the world.
The Gingko tolerates moderate drought and moderate wetness, but does not grow well in hot and dry climates.
The leaves of the Ginkgo are green in the summer turning an attractive yellow in the fall.
The Ginkgo has almost unnoticeable flowers.
Ginkgos bloom in the spring.
The fruit of the Gingko is 3/4" to 1-1/2" in size and tan in color. Some complain of the mess and odor and recommend planting only the male of the species.
Rate of growth refers to the vertical increase in growth unless specified differently. Rate, as is true for size, is influenced by numerous variables such as soil, drainage, water, fertility, light, exposure, ad infinitum. The designation slow means the plant grows 12” or less per year; medium refers to 13 to 24” of growth per year; and fast to 25” or greater.Manual of Woody Landscape Plants, by Michael Dirr.