Ebony, Texas Pithecellobium flexicaule
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Hardiness Zones 9 - 11The Texas Ebony can be expected to grow in the zones shown in color in the arborday.org zone map. View Map
Type of treeEvergreens
Mature HeightThe Texas Ebony grows to be 35' - 80' feet in height.
Mature SpreadThe Texas Ebony has a spread of about 20' - 30' at full maturity.
SunThis ebony does well in full sun.
SoilThe Texas Ebony grows in acidic, alkaline, drought tolerant, loamy, moist, sandy, well drained, wide range, clay soils.
ShapeThis ebony has rounded, spreading or horizontal, vase shape.
The Texas Ebony has fragrant flowers and is a good street and shade tree because of its ability to grow in small places with compacted soil.
Preferring well-drained, alkaline soils, Texas Ebony will thrive in full sun with little water once established. Trees are tolerant of wind and compacted soil, helping to make them a popular choice for arid landscapes. Fruit litter is not a problem.
Growing in open areas of the warm South, Texas ebony provides valuable shelter for mammals and birds. Birds eat the fruits and seeds.
Its seeds can be eaten and the shells used as an alternative for coffee. The seeds may also be dried and made into jewelry.
The Texas Ebony needs care and watering when young, but once established can survive the driest conditions.
The leaves are dark green bipinnately divided with oval leaflets.
The flowers are creamy white and yellow.
This tree blooms in late spring and intermittently throughout the summer.
The fruit is 4-6" long seed pods that are black to brown.
Rate of growth refers to the vertical increase in growth unless specified differently. Rate, as is true for size, is influenced by numerous variables such as soil, drainage, water, fertility, light, exposure, ad infinitum. The designation slow means the plant grows 12” or less per year; medium refers to 13 to 24” of growth per year; and fast to 25” or greater.Manual of Woody Landscape Plants, by Michael Dirr.