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Ebony, Texas Pithecellobium flexicaule

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Zones 9 - 11 Zones 9 - 11
Hardiness Zones 9 - 11
The Texas Ebony can be expected to grow in the zones shown in color in the zone map. View Map
Evergreen Evergreen
Type of tree
35' - 80' High 35' - 80' High
Mature Height
The Texas Ebony grows to be 35' - 80' feet in height.
20' - 30' Spread 20' - 30' Spread
Mature Spread
The Texas Ebony has a spread of about 20' - 30' at full maturity.
Slow to Medium Growth Slow to Medium Growth
Growth Rate
This tree grows at a slow to medium growth rate. More about this.
Full Sun Full Sun
This ebony does well in full sun.
Various Soils Various Soils
The Texas Ebony grows in acidic, alkaline, drought tolerant, loamy, moist, sandy, well drained, wide range, clay soils.
Rounded Shape Rounded Shape
This ebony has rounded, spreading or horizontal, vase shape.

The Texas Ebony has fragrant flowers and is a good street and shade tree because of its ability to grow in small places with compacted soil.


Preferring well-drained, alkaline soils, Texas Ebony will thrive in full sun with little water once established. Trees are tolerant of wind and compacted soil, helping to make them a popular choice for arid landscapes. Fruit litter is not a problem.

Wildlife Value

Growing in open areas of the warm South, Texas ebony provides valuable shelter for mammals and birds. Birds eat the fruits and seeds.


Its seeds can be eaten and the shells used as an alternative for coffee. The seeds may also be dried and made into jewelry.


The Texas Ebony needs care and watering when young, but once established can survive the driest conditions.


The leaves are dark green bipinnately divided with oval leaflets.

Flower Color

The flowers are creamy white and yellow.

Bloom Time

This tree blooms in late spring and intermittently throughout the summer.

Fruit Description

The fruit is 4-6" long seed pods that are black to brown.