The Pecan grows in acidic, alkaline, loamy, moist, rich, sandy, silty loam, well drained, wet, wide range, clay soils.
A tree for all uses, the pecan tree is the nation's most important commercial nut producer. The nuts are sweet and nutritious.It is also a shade tree, and the hard and beautiful wood is prized for furniture, flooring, and many other uses. It is the largest of the hickories and offers a longevity of 300 years or more.
Open grown pecan trees have massive trunks and oval or rounded wide spreading crowns of branches that extend far down the trunk. Forest trees have a straight trunk and
compact, pyramidal crowns. It bears within 6-10 years of planting. The crops of
sweet nuts are abundant and contine regardless of age. It is difficult to
transplant because of the long taproot it develops. (Plant multiple trees to ensure
pollination) (zones 5-9)
The nuts are favored by squirrels, deer, raccoons, foxes, wild turkeys, wood ducks, crows, blue jays, and several other bird species.
Pinnately compound, alternate, variable, 12"-20" long, odd number of leaflets usually 9-17, 4"-8" long, slightly toothed margins, lustrous, dark green surface
Female is yellow or greenish yellow and male
is green or yellow
early to late depending upon the variety.
Thin, 4-angled husks in clusters of 3-6 turn from yellow green to brown as they ripen. They enclose a 1 1/2"-2" long, hard, oblong, light brown to reddish brown shell with a pointed tip and rounded base. The kernel is sweet. Harvest anytime after the husks opens, but is is easier to wait until the husks are wide open and the nuts are partially dry.