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WitchhazelHamamelis virginiana

  • Witchhazel - Hammamelis virginiana
  • Witchhazel - Hammamelis virginiana
  • Witchhazel - Hammamelis virginiana
  • Witchhazel - Hammamelis virginiana

The native witchhazel can be grown as a large shrub or small tree and offers fantastic fall attributes. Fragrant, yellow flowers bloom from October through December. The foliage, attractive in all growing seasons, also turns yellow to yellowish-orange in fall.

This is a great specimen to plant as an understory or for a shrub border in large areas.


Hardiness Zones

The witchhazel can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 3–8. View Map

Tree Type

This is an ornamental shrub, typically planted for the visual interest and beauty it can bring to landscape.

Mature Size

Witchhazel grows to a height of 15–30' and a spread of 15–25' at maturity.

Growth Speed Medium Growth Rate

This shrub grows at a medium rate, with height increases of 13–24" per year.

Sun Preference

Full sun and partial shade are best for this shrub, meaning it prefers a minimum of 4 hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day.

Soil Preference

Witchhazel grows in acidic, loamy, moist, rich, sandy, silty loam and well-drained soils. It tolerates a variety of moisture conditions.

Attributes

This shrub:
  • Produces fragrant yellow flowers, each with 4 strap-like crumpled petals, anytime from October through December.
  • Features obovate or elliptic leaves 3–6" in length that are medium green, turning a nice shade of yellow or yellowish-orange in the fall.
  • Can be grown as a small tree or multi-stemmed shrub.
  • Grows in an irregular, rounded shape.

History/Lore

It was introduced in 1736. The extract witchhazel is distilled from the bark of young stems and roots.