print Print

Red DogwoodCornus florida var. rubra

  • Red Dogwood - Cornus florida 'Rubra'

Aptly named, the red dogwood brings a splash of color to the seasons. Red blooms cover the tree in spring, and reddish-purple leaves as well as glossy red fruit adorn it in the fall.

This dogwood is a great landscape addition near utility lines, next to buildings or near patios. It is also an excellent contrast tree for larger evergreen backgrounds.


Hardiness Zones

The red dogwood can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 5–9. View Map

Tree Type

This tree is considered both a flowering tree and an ornamental tree. It is typically planted for both its visual interest and profusion of spring flowers.

Mature Size

The red dogwood grows to a height of around 25' and a spread of around 25' at maturity.

Growth Speed Medium Growth Rate

This tree grows at a medium rate, with height increases of 13–24" per year.

Sun Preference

Full sun and partial shade are best for this tree, meaning it prefers a minimum of 4 hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day.

Soil Preference

The red dogwood grows in acidic, loamy, moist, rich, sandy, well-drained and clay soils.

Attributes

This tree:
  • Blooms in April and May, with red bracts that resemble petals nestled around a compact group of flowers.
  • Features dark green leaves that are oval or ovate and 3–6" long. They turn reddish-purple in the fall.
  • Produces glossy red fruit that ripen in the fall.
  • Grows in a rounded shape.

Wildlife Value

The red dogwood is an important source of food for many small birds and mammals including robins, cardinals and waxwings.