Trees

Oak, Water Quercus nigra

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Zones 6 - 9
Zones 6 - 9

Hardiness Zones: Zones 6 - 9
The Water Oak can be expected to grow in the zones shown in color in the arborday.org zone map. VIEW MAP

Ornamental Tree
Ornamental Tree

Type of tree:
The Water Oak falls into the following type(s): Ornamental Trees, Shade Trees

50' - 80' High
50' - 80' High

Mature Height:
The Water Oak grows to be 50' - 80' feet in height.

50' - 80' Spread
50' - 80' Spread

Mature Spread:
The Water Oak has a spread of about 50' - 80' at full maturity.

Fast Growth
Fast Growth

Growth Rate:
This tree grows at a fast growth rate. [More about this.]

Full Sun
Full Sun

Sun:
This oak does well in full sun, partial shade.

Various Soils
Various Soils

Soil:
The Water Oak grows in acidic, drought tolerant, loamy, sandy, well drained, wet, wide range, clay soils.

Rounded Shape
Rounded Shape

Shape:
This oak has rounded, spreading or horizontal shape.

More Info
More Info

Attributes:
The Water Oak is a North American native with significant soil tolerance. It does not compete well and does not tolerate even light shade. Water oak is frequently used to restore bottomland hardwood forests in the Southeast on land that was previously cleared for agriculture or pine plantations.

Description:
A North American native, Water Oak is adapted to wet, swampy areas, such as along ponds and stream banks, but can also tolerate other well-drained sites and even heavy, compacted soils.

Wildlife Value:
Water oak acorns are at the top of the food preference list for whitetail deer, squirrels, raccoons, pigs, wild turkeys, mallards, wood ducks, and quail. In wintertime, deer will browse the buds and young twigs.

History/Lore/Use:
The Water Oak has been used as a source of timber and fuel by people in the southern states since the 1600's. Many homes were built and heated by giant trees that sprouted hundreds of years before Columbus.

Moisture:
The Water Oak tolerates wet sites, but does best in well-drained areas that do not experience severe drought.

Leaves:
The Water Oak's leaves are green in summer, and they change to very attractive fall colors.

Flower Color:
The blooms of the Water Oak are almost imperceptible.

Bloom Time:
The Water Oak blooms in the spring..

Fruit Description:
The Water Oak produces one-inch round acorns.