Hawthorn, Washington Crataegus phaenopyrum
White flowers in early June start the color show. Reddish-purple leaves turn dark green, then orange, scarlet or purple. Small, glossy red fruits stay on tree into winter, and are preferred by songbirds. Grows to 25' to 30', 25' spread. (zones 4-8)Pricing Information
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Hardiness Zones 4 - 8The Washington Hawthorn can be expected to grow in the zones shown in color in the arborday.org zone map. View Map
Type of treeFlowering Trees, Ornamental Trees
Mature HeightThe Washington Hawthorn grows to be 25' - 30' feet in height.
Mature SpreadThe Washington Hawthorn has a spread of about 25' at full maturity.
SunThis hawthorn does well in full sun.
SoilThe Washington Hawthorn grows in acidic, alkaline, drought tolerant, loamy, moist, sandy, well drained, wet, wide range, clay soils.
ShapeThis hawthorn has pyramidal shape.
The Washington Hawthorn is a small, colorful tree that will brighten any landscape. Its pleasant display begins with reddish-purple leaves emerging in spring, then turning dark green as they are joined by a graceful display of white flowers. In autumn, the leaves turn orange, scarlet or purple. Red berries extend the colorful show into winter, often contrasting beautifully with the first winter snow. If left unpruned, its thorns make a very effective barrier.
White flowers in early June start the color show. Reddish-purple leaves turn dark green, then orange, scarlet or purple. Small, glossy red fruits stay on tree into winter, and are preferred by songbirds. Grows to 25' to 30', 25' spread. (zones 4-8)
The Washington Hawthorn produces abundant fruit which are eaten by birds & mammals. It is an important nectar plant for bees.
First noted scientifically in 1883, the tree received its name from its point of origin when introduced to Pennsylvania from Washington, becoming known as the "Washington Thorn" because of its prominent thorns.
This tree's leaves are reddish-purple, changing to dark green, then orange, scarlet or purple.
Showy white flowers
Late May to early June
This tree produces a bright red fruit 1/4" in diameter. Very attractive to birds, with little or no litter as a result.
Rate of growth refers to the vertical increase in growth unless specified differently. Rate, as is true for size, is influenced by numerous variables such as soil, drainage, water, fertility, light, exposure, ad infinitum. The designation slow means the plant grows 12” or less per year; medium refers to 13 to 24” of growth per year; and fast to 25” or greater.Manual of Woody Landscape Plants, by Michael Dirr.