Pine, Mugo Pinus mugo
Generally planted as an ornamental, this evergreen has an interesting pyramidal or broad-spreading form. It has dark green needles. Grows to 20'. (zones 3-7)Pricing Information
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Hardiness Zones 3 - 7The Mugo Pine can be expected to grow in the zones shown in color in the arborday.org zone map. View Map
Type of treeEvergreens
Mature HeightThe Mugo Pine grows to be 20' feet in height.
Mature SpreadThe Mugo Pine has a spread of about 25' at full maturity.
SunThis pine does well in full sun, partial shade.
SoilThe Mugo Pine grows in acidic, alkaline, loamy, moist, sandy, well drained, clay soils.
ShapeThis pine has pyramidal, rounded shape.
This species has many varieties, reflecting the great variability of its growth habits. Its abilities to grow so easily in so many places coupled with its relatively smaller size has made this tree a favorite landscape plant throughout suburban America.
Generally planted as an ornamental, this evergreen has an interesting pyramidal or broad-spreading form. It has dark green needles. Grows to 20'. (zones 3-7)
The Mugo Pine provides cover for mammals and birds.
The name of this tree is confusing, with many sources using the spelling "Mugho." But the eminent horticulturist Liberty Hyde Bailey wrote in 1933 that the original, scientific naming of the species in 1764 was Mugo, with Mugho being one of its several natural varieties. The Mugo Pine tree is native in the high mountains of central Europe. There it grows low to the ground in mounds like a creature huddling against the cold winds. This growth form is easily retained through pruning or shearing.
Normal moisture requirements; drought tolerant.
This tree has stout, dark green needles 1 to 2 inches long. They are borne in bundles of two and grow densely on the branch, often remaining green for up to 6 years before turning brown and dropping.
Oval; 1 to 2 inches long; dry; brown.
Rate of growth refers to the vertical increase in growth unless specified differently. Rate, as is true for size, is influenced by numerous variables such as soil, drainage, water, fertility, light, exposure, ad infinitum. The designation slow means the plant grows 12” or less per year; medium refers to 13 to 24” of growth per year; and fast to 25” or greater.Manual of Woody Landscape Plants, by Michael Dirr.