Apple, Stayman Winesap Malus x domestica
Click icons for more information.
Show All |
Hardiness Zones 5 - 8The Stayman Winesap Apple can be expected to grow in the zones shown in color in the arborday.org zone map. View Map
Type of treeFruit Trees
Mature HeightThe Stayman Winesap Apple grows to be 10' - 25' feet in height.
Mature SpreadThe Stayman Winesap Apple has a spread of about 10' - 25' at full maturity.
SunThis apple does well in full sun.
SoilThe Stayman Winesap Apple grows in acidic, loamy, moist, rich, sandy, silty loam, well drained soils.
ShapeThis apple has oval, spreading or horizontal, upright or erect shape.
Our standard Stayman Winesap seedlings are budded onto whole root stock; our semi-dwarf seedlings grafted onto Malling-Merton lll; and our dwarf seedlings grafted onto Malling 7A, Malling 26.
Chill hours (CU) requirement: 600-800 (Chill hours are the average hours of air temperature between 32 and 45 degrees F in a typical winter season). For best fruit production, calculate the chill unit (CU) for your growing zone to be sure it aligns with the CU requirement of this tree.
In order to ensure pollination, these trees need a compatible cultivar growing within 100 feet for standard size, 50 feet for semi-dwarf, and 20 feet for dwarf trees.
A large red apple that is the most popular winter keeper with a tart, rich, wine like flavor. This is a triploid; it cannot pollinate other apple trees. (Pollinate with Red or Yellow Delicious, Jonathan, Early Harvest or a variety from a different apple family) (zones 5 - 8)
Apples are eaten by a variety of birds and mammals. The leaves and branches are browsed. The trees can be destroyed by rodents and rabbits girdling the stem or trunk. Produces nectar and/or pollen, thus providing nutrition for bees in early to late spring.
The standard grows to 20' - 25', semi-dwarf grows to 12' - 15', and dwarf grows to 10' in height.
Standard spread grows to 25', semi-dwarf grows to 12'- 15', and dwarf grows to a 10' spread.
This tree requires moist, well drained soil and is not drought tolerant.
Ranging between 2"-4", these coarse-veined, dark green leaves have a toothed margin and are alternate on the twig.
They are generally all pink instead of white to pinkish-white, which is unusual for apple blossoms.
Mid season to late mid-season bloom time. A triploid, the pollen is sterile.
This apple is medium to large, round to cone shaped with a dull red color and crisp, juicy, yellowish flesh. The flavor is tart, but also rich; often described as "wine-like." Harvested in mid to late October. Standard Stayman Winesap will begin to bear in 6-10 years, the semi-dwarf in 4-6 and the dwarf in 3-4. This apple has an extremely long storage life: able to keep for six months or more if refrigerated.
Rate of growth refers to the vertical increase in growth unless specified differently. Rate, as is true for size, is influenced by numerous variables such as soil, drainage, water, fertility, light, exposure, ad infinitum. The designation slow means the plant grows 12” or less per year; medium refers to 13 to 24” of growth per year; and fast to 25” or greater.Manual of Woody Landscape Plants, by Michael Dirr.