Hazelnut, American Corylus americana
Cooks love these easy-to-crack, small. sweet kernels. Can be used as a shrub-like landscape plant. Likes well-drained, loamy soil, full sun or light shade. Grows to 18', 12' spread. (Plant two trees for pollination) (zones 4-9)Pricing Information
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Hardiness Zones 4 - 9The American Hazelnut can be expected to grow in the zones shown in color in the arborday.org zone map. View Map
Type of treeNut Trees, Shrubs
Mature HeightThe American Hazelnut grows to be 15' - 18' feet in height.
Mature SpreadThe American Hazelnut has a spread of about 10' - 12' at full maturity.
SunThis hazelnut does well in full sun, partial shade.
SoilThe American Hazelnut grows in acidic, alkaline, drought tolerant, loamy, moist, rich, sandy, well drained, wide range, clay soils.
ShapeThis hazelnut has rounded shape.
The American filbert or hazelnut is a native of the eastern United States. The tasty nuts are highly prized by people and wildlife, Filbert hedges can be used as windbreaks, visual screens, and to attract wildlife. Trees grown from seed will begin to produce nuts after around 8 years.
The American Filbert is a multi-stemmed shrub with a rounded top and an open, often wide-spreading base. Because of its size, it is adapts well to naturalizing and other nonformal areas. It bears annual, abundant crops of small, sweet tasting nuts. It will bear in 2-3 years after planting. The nuts are easy to crack and drop free of the husk when mature. (Plant multiple trees with the same flowering time to ensure pollination) (zone 4-9)
The nuts produced by American hazelnut are a preferred by squirrels, deer, turkey, woodpeckers, pheasants, grouse, quail, and jay. The male catkins are a food staple of ruffed grouse throughout the winter.
Simple, alternate, 2 1/2"-6" long, dark green surface.
Female is red and male is yellowish brown
Mid-winter to early spring
The downy, deeply cut and notched, 1" involucre in clusters of 2-6 encloses a 1/2", slightly flattened, thick, smooth, brown shell with a sweet, round kernel. Harvest from September to October.
Rate of growth refers to the vertical increase in growth unless specified differently. Rate, as is true for size, is influenced by numerous variables such as soil, drainage, water, fertility, light, exposure, ad infinitum. The designation slow means the plant grows 12” or less per year; medium refers to 13 to 24” of growth per year; and fast to 25” or greater.Manual of Woody Landscape Plants, by Michael Dirr.