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Spruce, WhitePicea glauca

Spruce, White—Picea glauca

A straight, tall tree easily recognized by its needles. Cones always hang down. Beautiful year-round color. Tolerates most soil conditions. Grows to 60'; 15' spread. (zones 2-6)

Zones 2 - 6
Zones 2 - 6

Hardiness Zones: Zones 2 - 6
The White Spruce can be expected to grow in the zones shown in color in the arborday.org zone map. (see map below)

Evergreen
Evergreen

Type of tree:
The White Spruce falls into the following type(s): Evergreens

40' - 60' High
40' - 60' High

Mature Height:
The White Spruce grows to be 40' - 60' feet in height.

10' - 20' Spread
10' - 20' Spread

Mature Spread:
The White Spruce has a spread of about 10' - 20' at full maturity.

Medium Growth
Medium Growth

Growth Rate:
This tree grows at a medium growth rate. [More about this.]

Full Sun
Full Sun

Sun:
This spruce does well in full sun.

Various Soils
Various Soils

Soil:
The White Spruce grows in acidic, drought tolerant, loamy, moist, sandy, well drained, clay soils.

Columnar Shape
Columnar Shape

Shape:
This spruce has columnar, pyramidal shape.

More Info
More Info


The White Spruce can be expected to grow in the zones shown on this map.

Description:
A straight, tall tree easily recognized by its needles. Cones always hang down. Beautiful year-round color. Tolerates most soil conditions. Grows to 60'; 15' spread. (zones 2-6)

Wildlife Value:
White spruces are very important evergreens. Besides providing nesting sites and shelter, white spruces provide food for many kinds of wildlife. Crossbills, evening grosbeaks and red-breasted nuthatches prefer the seeds. The foliage is eaten by grouse, rabbits and deer. Red squirrels cut open cones to eat the seeds, and they feast upon young, tender spruce shoots. The bark is enjoyed by both porcupines and black bears, sometimes to the detriment of the trees.