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Buckeye, YellowAesculus flava (octandra)

Buckeye, Yellow—Aesculus flava (octandra)

With its oval, slightly spreading canopy, the Yellow Buckeye makes a fine tall screen or shade tree. Grows best in full sun. Yellow flowers in May, dark green summer leaves turning brilliant pumpkin in fall. Grows to 60' to 75', 30' spread. (zones 4-8)

Zones 4 - 8
Zones 4 - 8

Hardiness Zones: Zones 4 - 8
The Yellow Buckeye can be expected to grow in the zones shown in color in the arborday.org zone map. (see map below)

Ornamental Tree
Ornamental Tree

Type of tree:
The Yellow Buckeye falls into the following type(s): Ornamental Trees, Shade Trees

60' - 75' High
60' - 75' High

Mature Height:
The Yellow Buckeye grows to be 60' - 75' feet in height.

30' Spread
30' Spread

Mature Spread:
The Yellow Buckeye has a spread of about 30' at full maturity.

Medium Growth
Medium Growth

Growth Rate:
This tree grows at a medium growth rate. [More about this.]

Full Sun
Full Sun

Sun:
This buckeye does well in full sun.

Various Soils
Various Soils

Soil:
The Yellow Buckeye grows in acidic, drought tolerant, loamy, moist, rich, sandy, well drained, wet, clay soils.

Oval Shape
Oval Shape

Shape:
This buckeye has oval shape.

More Info
More Info


The Yellow Buckeye can be expected to grow in the zones shown on this map.

Attributes:
The Yellow buckeye is a common part of the rich mix of species found from the mountains of West Virginia south into northern Georgia. It is a bottomland species in the northern part of its natural range, but farther south it climbs higher on the slopes. In parks and yards it is a beautiful and dense shade tree, suitable as a pleasing focal point or a visual screen. The word "buckeye" comes from the whitish scar on the brown seeds, giving the appearance of a deer's eye.

Description:
With its oval, slightly spreading canopy, the Yellow Buckeye makes a fine tall screen or shade tree. Grows best in full sun. Yellow flowers in May, dark green summer leaves turning brilliant pumpkin in fall. Grows to 60' to 75', 30' spread. (zones 4-8)

Wildlife Value:
Yellow buckeyes grow in mature hardwood forests, and provide shelter and nesting sites for the animals dwelling in those forests.

History/Lore/Use:
As well as the belief in the good fortune of its storied seed, the buckeye has been held to cure rheumatism and other, more minor ailments. Pioneering farm families also made soap from the kernels of buckeye seeds, and many a child's cradle was carved from the wood of this tree. Before the advent of synthetic materials, the wood was used to make artificial limbs because of its light weight and resistance to splitting. A superb variety of one of its cousins, the Sweet Buckeye, was discovered by George Washington in 1784 on a visit to Colonel Morgan in West Virginia. He planted four of them that still exist at Mount Vernon.

Moisture:
This tree has normal moisture requirements, with some flooding and drought tolerance.

Leaves:
This tree usually has five, nearly elliptical leaflets arranged like fingers on a long petiole. Each leaflet is about 4 to 6 inches long and 1-1/2 to 2-1/2 inches wide. Dark green in summer, yellow to pumpkin-orange in autumn.

Flower Color:
Numerous yellow blossoms are held erect in clusters (panicles), 5 to 7 inches long, that appear like decorative torch lights in late spring.

Bloom Time:
Early to mid-May..

Fruit Description:
This tree's fruit is about 2 to 3 inches in diameter with two smooth buckeyes contained in a thick, spherical or pear-shaped husk. The husk, or shell, is smooth, as opposed to the thornier shell of the Ohio Buckeye.