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Butternut (White Walnut)Juglans cinerea

Butternut (White Walnut)—Juglans cinerea

Has distinctive ridged and furrowed bark. It produces drooping clusters of sweet nuts which are used in baking. Prefers moist soils. Grows to 40' to 60', 35'-50' spread. (Plant two trees for pollination) (zones 3-7)

Zones 3 - 7
Zones 3 - 7

Hardiness Zones: Zones 3 - 7
The Butternut (White Walnut) can be expected to grow in the zones shown in color in the arborday.org zone map. (see map below)

Nut Tree
Nut Tree

Type of tree:
The Butternut (White Walnut) falls into the following type(s): Nut Trees

40' - 60' High
40' - 60' High

Mature Height:
The Butternut (White Walnut) grows to be 40' - 60' feet in height.

35' - 50' Spread
35' - 50' Spread

Mature Spread:
The Butternut (White Walnut) has a spread of about 35' - 50' at full maturity.

Slow Growth
Slow Growth

Growth Rate:
This tree grows at a slow growth rate. [More about this.]

Full Sun
Full Sun

Sun:
This Butternut (White Walnut) does well in full sun.

Various Soils
Various Soils

Soil:
The Butternut (White Walnut) grows in acidic, alkaline, loamy, moist, rich, sandy, silty loam, well drained, wet, wide range, clay soils.

Rounded Shape
Rounded Shape

Shape:
This Butternut (White Walnut) has rounded shape.

More Info
More Info


The Butternut (White Walnut) can be expected to grow in the zones shown on this map.

Attributes:
The butternut or white walnut is one of the hardiest nut trees, A North American native, the nut has a rich, buttery flavor used in baking, confections, and eating fresh. The attractive, light golden wood is used for paneling and furniture. Trees grown from seed will begin to produce nuts in about 10 years.

Description:
The butternut tree has distinctive, ridged and furrowed bark and a short, usually forked trunk with a wide, spreading, open crown. The late spring blooms can be damaged by late frosts. It is an alternate bearer meaning it will bear abundantly one year, less the next year or take a few years off before bearing again. The nuts store well. (Plant multiple trees to ensure pollination.) (zones 3-7)

Wildlife Value:
Nuts are valuable as food for deer, squirrels, and birds.

Leaves:
Pinnately compound, alternate, 11-19 stalkless leaflets, dull, fine hairy, dark green surface

Flower Color:
Yellow-green

Bloom Time:
Late May to early June.

Fruit Description:
A tapered. oblong, 1 1/2"-2 1/2" fruit covered with sticky hairs encloses a brown, corrugated, thick, 1"-1 1/2" shell that terminates in a point. The oval kernel is tender with sweet, oily, buttery flavor. Nut production occurs in 7-10 years. Harvested in late October.