Pine, Scots Pinus sylvestris
Scots pine is a beautiful evergreen which is hardy and adaptable to nearly all climates. Can be used as either a windbreak or a single specimen. Grows to 60', 40' spread. (zones 3-7)Pricing Information
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Hardiness Zones 3 - 7The Scots Pine can be expected to grow in the zones shown in color in the arborday.org zone map. View Map
Type of treeEvergreens
Mature HeightThe Scots Pine grows to be 60' feet in height.
Mature SpreadThe Scots Pine has a spread of about 40' at full maturity.
SunThis pine does well in full sun.
SoilThe Scots Pine grows in acidic, drought tolerant, loamy, moist, sandy, well drained, wide range, clay soils.
ShapeThis pine has oval, pyramidal shape.
Scots Pine trees are widely used for Christmas trees because of their excellent form and their ability to hold their needles for a long period of time. There are many color variations within the species and some trees are sprayed with green color to make them more attractive as some naturally have brown needles during the winter months. It is also a good tree for reclamation sites because of its re-seeding capabilities.
A beautiful evergreen which is hardy and adaptable to nearly all climates. Can be used as either a windbreak or a single specimen. It is a popular Christmas tree because of its form and ability to hold onto its needles for a long time. Grows to 60', 40' spread. (zones 3-7)
Owls prefer roosting and nesting in large conifers such as Scots pine, and many mammals and birds consume pine seeds.
The Scots Pine was widely planted on old farm fields at the turn of the century. Early farmers were familiar with this species from its growth throughout Europe and knew it could tolerate poor, dry soil. Eventually they found that the trees did not mature into the fine timber stands they envisioned, but often stagnated or had twisted trunks. It was the beginning of the realization that seed sources vary widely and must be matched to the planting site. Today, seed sources are selected with care and varieties of Scots Pine are favored to provide the species' best qualities, especially when planting for the Christmas tree market. In the country of Scotland, the name Scots pine is preferred over the use of the term Scotch pine.
Normal moisture requirement, with moderate drought tolerance.
This tree has spiral; two needles; 2 to 4 inches long.
The fruit is oval; 1 to 3 inches long; dry; brown.
Rate of growth refers to the vertical increase in growth unless specified differently. Rate, as is true for size, is influenced by numerous variables such as soil, drainage, water, fertility, light, exposure, ad infinitum. The designation slow means the plant grows 12” or less per year; medium refers to 13 to 24” of growth per year; and fast to 25” or greater.Manual of Woody Landscape Plants, by Michael Dirr.