Trees

Oak, Scarlet Quercus coccinea

Fast-growing and tolerates a wide range of soils. Leaves are glossy deep green on top, paler green below, and scarlet in fall. Crown is open and rounded, providing light shade. Grows to 60' to 80', 40'-50' spread. (zones 4-9)

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Zones 4 - 9
Zones 4 - 9

Hardiness Zones: Zones 4 - 9
The Scarlet Oak can be expected to grow in the zones shown in color in the arborday.org zone map. VIEW MAP

Ornamental Tree
Ornamental Tree

Type of tree:
The Scarlet Oak falls into the following type(s): Ornamental Trees, Shade Trees

60' - 80' High
60' - 80' High

Mature Height:
The Scarlet Oak grows to be 60' - 80' feet in height.

40' - 50' Spread
40' - 50' Spread

Mature Spread:
The Scarlet Oak has a spread of about 40' - 50' at full maturity.

Medium Growth
Medium Growth

Growth Rate:
This tree grows at a medium growth rate. [More about this.]

Full Sun
Full Sun

Sun:
This oak does well in full sun.

Various Soils
Various Soils

Soil:
Tolerates a wide range of soils except alkaline.

Rounded Shape
Rounded Shape

Shape:
This oak has rounded shape.

More Info
More Info

Attributes:
The Scarlet Oak tree is well named. Its early spring foliage is often red, its inner bark is reddish, and in autumn the leaves are brilliant red or scarlet. The acorns of this tree are a favorite food for gray squirrels, chipmunks, mice and birds, especially blue jays. It is a common tree in the Appalachian Mountains but has become a popular landscape tree throughout the eastern and central United States.

Description:
Fast-growing and tolerates a wide range of soils. Leaves are glossy deep green on top, paler green below, and scarlet in fall. Crown is open and rounded, providing light shade. Grows to 60' to 80', 40'-50' spread. (zones 4-9)

Wildlife Value:
Scarlet oak acorns are an important food source for many large songbirds, wild turkeys, grouse, squirrels, and whitetail deer.

History/Lore/Use:
The native range of the Scarlet Oak tree extends from Maine to Florida and west to Missouri. The first scientific observations of this tree were made in 1691. The brilliant red leaf color extends well into winter, making an excellent splash of color against a white snow background.

Moisture:
Normal moisture preferred, but with some drought tolerance.

Leaves:
This trees leaves are 4 to 7 inches long with 7 to 9 (rarely) narrow, bristle-tipped lobes separated by deep sinuses. Green in summer with brilliant red or scarlet color in autumn.

Flower Color:
Brown, faded flower color. Not noteworthy.

Bloom Time:
April-May.

Fruit Description:
The fruit is round, 1 inch long, attractive to wildlife.